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Maastricht Essay

7071 words - 28 pages

Colecţia de working papers ABC-UL LUMII FINANCIARE WP nr. 2/2014
Aderarea României la Zona Euro
Ghiț u Anca-Elena Facultatea de Finanţe, Asigurări, Bănci şi Burse de Valori, anul II
ghitu_ancaelena@yahoo.com
Coordonatorii lucrării Prof. Universitar Dr. Nicolae Danilă
Cadru didactic asoc. Dr. Ciprian Turcan
Motto: "Cea mai periculoasă categorie de oameni sunt euro entuziaştii, pentru că încearcă să impună Utopia". (Leszek Balcerowicz, fost guvernator al Băncii Naţionale a Poloniei)
Rezumat. Lucrarea de faț ă îşi propune să prezinte pe scurt condiţiile aderării la moneda euro. Astfel va fi abordată perspectiva clasică a adoptării monedei Euro, respectiv criteriile de convergenţă nominală. Dincolo de criteriile de la Maastricht vor fi analizate pe de-o parte avantajele iar pe de altă parte dezavantajele adoptării monedei Euro. De asemenea, va fi analizată poziţia României faţă de adoptarea monedei Euro, respectiv măsura în care sunt îndeplinite criteriile impuse şi în acelaşi timp beneficiile obţinute în urma adoptării monedei Euro, dar mai ales costurile ce au ieș it la ieveală tot mai mult în utlima vreme.
Cuvinte - cheie: moneda euro, criterii de convergenţă nominală, poziţia de expectativă, tabloul de bord, criterii de convergenţă reală.
1. Introducere
Adoptarea monedei euro este o condiţie juridică obligatorie a tuturor statelor membre
Uniunii Europene, însă fiecare stat are dreptul de a stabili momentul aderării la Zona Euro. Or, analizând statele ce au fost parte a blocului comunist, vom constata că 5 dintre acestea au aderat deja la moneda unică; acestea fiind Slovacia, Slovenia, Letonia, Lituania şi Estonia, însă celelalte 5 încă utilizează monedele proprii. Trebuie astfel atrasă atenţia asupra faptului că cele 5 state care sunt parte a Zonei Euro, sunt state de dimensiuni mai reduse, ceea ce presupune o anumită omogenitate a populaţiei, ceea ce facilizeaza adoptarea monedei euro pe teritoriul lor. Altfel fiind spus, potrivit studiilor realizate de instituţiile Vest Europene s-a constatat că oraşul Bucureşti şi respectiv Zona Ilfov s-ar integra cu uşurinţă în Zona Euro, însă problema apare în momentul în care ne îndreptăm mai mult atenţia către celelalte zone ale României mai slab dezvoltate. Un avantaj al introducerii monedei euro este acela că oferă o mai mare comparabilitate între preţurile aceloraşi bunuri şi servicii comercializate în state diferite. Prin urmare, consumatorii vor putea alege să cumpere...

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