Macbeth Essay

1733 words - 7 pages

“It is not in the stars to hold our destiny but in ourselves” William Shakespeare. In the play, Macbeth, three witches tell Macbeth a handful of prophecies that later come true. These prophecies mean nothing if Macbeth is not influenced to do something about it. Macbeth shows bravery and honor in a battle which gives victory to Scotland, making the witch’s first prophecy correct. Lady Macbeth’s ambitious to be queen after hearing about the witch’s second prophecy. This influences Macbeth’s actions because she calls him a coward and questions his love. After Macbeth becomes king he gets himself his own ambition to stay king and this influences him to kill Banquo who is a potential threat to him according to one of the witch’s prophecies stating that Banquo’s children will become future kings. His ambition also leads him to kill Macduff’s family because one of the witch’s prophecies states to beware of Macduff and since he cannot kill Macduff, he kills his family instead. Finally, Macbeths over confidence leads to his demise because of the witch’s final prophecy, which Macbeth misinterprets incorrectly, leading him to become too over confident. The three witches merely report what is destined to be, they do not instigate his actions, his actions are influenced by bravery, Lady Macbeths ambition, his own ambition, and his over confidence.
In the beginning of the play, the three witches come together and they want to speak with Macbeth about some prophecies they have, one being that Macbeth will become Thane of Cawdor. Macbeth and Banquo are coming from a brave battle which gives Scotland victory, and in this battle the current Thane of Cawdor betrays Scotland. Ross tells King Duncan that his two generals, Macbeth and Banquo fight bravely and honorably and now Duncan is awarding the Thane of Cawdor title to Macbeth. Macbeth does not know of this and when he meets with the three witches, one says, “All hail, Macbeth! Hail to thee, thane of Cawdor” (Shakespeare, I, iii, 49). Macbeth at first does not believe that this is true but later on when he is told of this news he starts realizing that the witches may speak truth of the future. The witches do not instigate Macbeth to become Thane of Cawdor as he is given the title because of his bravery in battle not because the witches instigate him. His actions are influenced by his bravery and honorability to fight for Scotland in battle and all the witches do is tell him what is destined to be, Macbeth becoming Thane of Cawdor.
Lady Macbeth’s ambition to be the queen and Macbeth to be king leads her to influence Macbeth to fulfill the prophecy told by the three witches. The three witches tell Macbeth that he will be king someday, but they do not tell him how he will become king. Macbeth tells this information to Lady Macbeth through a letter and she is happy but she does not think Macbeth can do what has to be done for him to become king. Since Macbeth is hesitant to kill the king, Lady Macbeth calls him out...

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