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Macbeth And Nature Essay

950 words - 4 pages

Throughout Macbeth, Shakespeare focuses on the theme of nature and its rightful order. Everything in Macbeth contends against the natural order from the setting of the play to the killing of Duncan. In order to attain his goal of becoming king, Macbeth is filled with dangerous ambition that pushes him to commit the treacherous crime of murdering Duncan in his sleep, a disturbance of nature itself. Because Macbeth has made an enemy of nature, the rest of the plot focuses on this ongoing fight between the two until Macbeth dies. Shakespeare portrays the importance of a natural order and the consequences that can arise from disrupting its logic. Macbeth is a vital character that became ultimately doomed because he violated nature and was later defeated by it.
Right from the beginning, Shakespeare introduces three unnatural characters, The Weird Sisters. They are supernatural beings from an unknowing source and who “should be women” and “yet [their] beards” as with their other obscure looks leaves a question of uncertainty towards their genders (1.3, 39-42). These unnatural beings later meet with Macbeth and greeted him as the new king of Scotland. Immediately, Macbeth is filled with an enormous amount of ambition so that he would question himself “why do I yield to that suggestion […] against the use of nature?” (1.3, 134-137). He realized the uncomfortable feeling of temptation stirring within him was unusual and he felt compelled to complete the witches’ prophecy. After much lamentation and hesitation, Macbeth murders King Duncan in his sleep, the first act against the will of nature. He had murdered “the innocent sleep” and as punishment “Macbeth shall sleep no more” (2.2, 48-56). However, Macbeth did not just murder sleep. Instead, he had disrupted the order of nature and had created chaos and havoc. Strange and abnormal occurrences appeared that night such as the falcon, which was killed by an owl, and obedient horses that turned wild and digged into each other’s flesh. These bizarre happenings all represent Macbeth’s betrayal to the benevolent king and his act of treachery was basically a declaration of war with nature.
Macbeth was now sitting on the throne of Scotland but he continued to suffer from the consequences of his murder. Now, Macbeth becomes desperate to keep his position and his paranoia convinces him that Banquo and Fleance needed to die in order to ensure that Banquo’s offspring would not inherit his throne. Yet when Banquo is murdered and when Macbeth should consequently feel relief, he sees Banquo’s ghost at the feast with the other lords. He immediately loses his façade as he realizes how unnatural this scene was. “The [time] has been that, when the brains were out, the man would die, and there an end. But now they...

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