Macbeth As A Tragic Hero In William Shakespeare's Play

2152 words - 9 pages

Macbeth as a Tragic Hero in William Shakespeare's Play

The play ‘Macbeth’ gives us many opportunities to consider the reasons
for Macbeth’s actions. In this essay I will be considering the factors
that have made Macbeth behave in such a way that he goes as far as
killing his King, his companions, his companions’ families and drove
his wife Lady MacBeth to commit suicide. I will also be talking about
the techniques that Shakespeare has used to write this play.

Shakespeare uses lots of similes, which is a technique that gives the
audience a direct access to the characters inner thought as the other
characters cannot hear him. Macbeth has three main soliloquies in the
play, which are all related to someone being murdered. Shakespeare
also uses dramatic irony which is when the audience knows something
that the characters don’t know, an example of this is in act 1 scene
4, when Duncan says “there’s no art to find the mind’s construction in
the face: He was a gentlemen on whom I built an absolute trust”. This
is said when Duncan passes on the position of Thane of Cawdor to
Macbeth as he has faith in him and says that you can never trust a
person by the way someone looks or the expressions on their faces,
this is when the prophecies have already been made and Macbeth has
already thought of the King being murdered. Also he uses the technique
of making people who talk in rhyme to be unnatural beings like the
witches and the royal family. He uses soliloquies so that the audience
may know what a character is thinking and what is about to happen,
which often leads on to dramatic irony. He also uses lots of imagery
and metaphors in his play to describe the effects that are surrounding
the characters and describing them. Lots of imagery in this play is
based on sleeping, blood, heaven and hell, which makes the play
interesting and gruesome. “Still it cried ‘Sleep no more’ to all the
house; Glamis hath murdered sleep, and therefore Cawdor shall sleep no
more, Macbeth shall sleep no more”. The themes in this play are
ambition, evil, conscience, guilt, the supernatural, fate, deception,
antithesis and treachery as they are the concepts that recur
throughout the play liking the plot, characters and language together.
Antithesis gives someone the idea of appearance and reality being very
different things.

‘Macbeth’ was first performed between 1605 and 1606. This was a period
where drama was becoming an important aspect to people of a higher
class, such as a King. William Shakespeare who is a famous English
playwright wrote this play. When Shakespeare wrote this play he had
James I who was King of England and Scotland and was on the throne at
that time in mind. He introduced supernatural effects such as witches
and plotting against the king because he knew that the King was
interested in this...

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