Shakespeare uses motifs in many of his works to add more depth to his writing. His play Macbeth includes various motifs such as blood. Blood is one of the most important motif in Shakespeare’s Macbeth and can be seen throughout the entire play. In Macbeth the motif blood symbolizes guilt, mental illnesses, and insecurity/uneasiness.
In Act 2 Scene 1, Macbeth is alone in his castle before he kills Duncan. While he is by himself he has a hallucination of a bloody dagger. Macbeth sees the dagger and tries to grab it but there is nothing. He believes that this hallucination is a sign of the murder he is about to commit. In this scene, it shows the motif blood symbolizing a mental illness because it is shown to Macbeth through a hallucination that is not a normal occurrence. The next mental occurrence Macbeth has happens in the following scene.
In Act 2 Scene 2, Macbeth meets with Lady Macbeth in the courtyard after murdering Duncan carrying bloody daggers. He looks at his bloody hands and says that it is a miserable sight. Lady Macbeth tells him there is nothing to worry about and that killing Duncan was not a foolish deed. Macbeth starts to question his deed and feels guilty for what he has committed. Lady Macbeth starts to accuse Macbeth of being a coward since he cannot go back to the scene and frame the servants for the murder. She goes to Duncan’s room to complete the mission and then tells Macbeth to go and wash the evidence from his bloody hands. Macbeth then talks to himself saying that not even the water in the ocean can wash the blood on his hands instead the blood would stain the waters. Lady Macbeth tries to knock some sense into Macbeth but he still is haunted by the crime and wishes that Duncan could be revived through the loud knocking of someone at the door. In this scene, Macbeth has another mental occurrence since he believes that the blood on his hands cannot be washed off with water. He exaggerates saying that even all of great Neptune’s oceans will not be able to clean his hands and will become blood red because of it.
In Act 2 Scene 3, Macduff and Lennox enter through the gate in the early morning at Inverness. Macduff then proceeds to Duncan’s room to wake him up. And then appears to be very shaken from what he had just discovered. Macduff returns announcing Duncan’s murder. They start to accuse the servants of his chamber since they were both marked with his blood and bloody daggers were found on their pillows. The servants stared at them in confusion. Everyone exits besides Malcolm and Donalbain to the hall to talk amongst themselves to figure out what action they should do next. The sons of Duncan, Malcolm and Donalbain start to feel insecure because they believe that who ever killed their father might be coming after them too. So they both decide to flee Donalbain goes to Ireland and Malcolm goes to England. This scene shows blood as both a symbol of guilt and uneasiness. The two servants in Duncan’s quarters both...