Nicco Machiavelli´S Prince Thoery: Elizabeth I And Catherine The Great

754 words - 4 pages

Niccolo Machiavelli was an Italian philosopher during the renaissance. Machiavelli had written “The Prince” which gained overall recognition. The prince summarized all the actions of how a prince should act. Machiavelli had said," That a prince must act cunning and evil to gain success. When fighting, the prince should learn how to fight with laws and force that is able for him to achieve his success.” The prince should also act half beast and half human. The prince shall act like two types of beasts as well: a fox and a lion. The fox represents their strength in politics and military. The lion represents how they are shrewd and clever. His quote meant that a prince must act like a fox and lion to rule an entire nation correctly. These words were not forgotten, Elizabeth I and Catherine the Great acted as both a lion and a fox. Elizabeth had acted like a fox by establishing the Act of Supremacy and Act of Uniformity, by not marrying and using the Sea Beggars. She acted like a lion by executing Mary Queen of Scots, defeating the Spanish Armanda, and by establishing the Conventicle Act. Catherine the Great acted as a fox by controlling the nobles and using her enlightenment ideas in her absolute monarch. Catherine acted as a lion by crushing the serf revolt in Russia and by dividing Poland into parts.
Elizabeth I took over the thrown of England in 1558, when her half-sister Mary had died. Elizabeth was an intelligent women who knew six languages. She believed in Protestant Faith and promised to build a Church that resembled some Catholic traditions. Elizabeth had acted like a fox in many ways. She was called the “Virgin Queen,” since she never engaged in marriage. She would flirt with people from different countries to make them interested in her. Forming alliances by flirting helped her keep Europe from getting into any wars. Also, she knew that if she got married, her power would become lessened with a king. The Sea Beggars were against the Spanish and criminals. She used them to keep her away from any international problems. Elizabeth established the Act if Supremacy in 1559, revoking all anti-protestants laws which Mary reinstated. The Act also made Elizabeth the supreme...

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