This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Machu Picchu Information On Economic Patterns, Geographic Influences, Art And Architecture, Religion And Values, And Social And Political Organization

883 words - 4 pages

Machu PicchuEconomic Patterns:The Inca empire developed an economy based on an intensive terracing of mountain slopes and irrigation. The Incas did not have money as such. They used barter and traded goods for other goods. Workers got labour credit, which was work paid for in goods or food. The Inca leaders kept records of what each family in the empire produced. The Incas main crops were potatoes, sweet potatoes, maize, and chili peppers. They had terraced fields and were one of the first people in the Americas to use irrigation systems. The Incas used simple digging sticks and ploughs. They used llamas for wool, ropes, blankets and meat.Social & Political Organization:The Inca empire was a closely knit state. At the top was the emperor, an absolute monarch ruling by divine right. Next were the royal family, nobles, military leaders and religious leaders. Merciless toward its enemies and requiring an obedience close to slavery, the imperial government was responsible for the welfare of its subjects. Everything was owned by the state except houses, movable household goods, and some individually held lands. In addition to cultivating the land, the common people were drafted to work on state projects such as mining, public works, and army service. From well-stocked storehouses were drawn goods to support priests, government servants, special artisans, the aged and the sick, and widows.Religion & Values:Machu Picchu contains rare examples of religious monuments, including a carved stone (the Intiwatana ), a small tower (the Torreón ), and a cave with a masonry entrance (the Intimachay ). Investigators have suggested the site may have served as a religious sanctuary and that the masonry windows at two of its monuments may have been aligned so as to define the June and December solstices.Religion was controlled by a hierarchy similar to the government hierarchy, emphasized ritual and organization. Heading the Inca gods was Viracocha. His servants were the sun, the god of the weather or thunder, the moon, the stars, the earth, and the sea. The sun god was foremost among these. Divination, sacrifices, celebrations and ceremonies, ritual, feasts, and fasts were all part of Inca religion. Sacrifice, both human and animal, was offered at every important occasion. Many sacrifices were done every day for the ceremony of the sun's appearance. At times of big sacrifices, up to two hundred children could be offered. Even the chosen women from the Sun Temple were sometimes taken out for sacrifice. It was important when humans were offered that they were unmarked and in perfect condition.The Incas believed in re-incarnation. Those who obeyed the Inca rule; ama sua, ama llulla, ama chella (do...

Find Another Essay On Machu Picchu - Information on Economic Patterns, Geographic Influences, Art and Architecture, Religion and Values, and Social and Political Organization

During the planning process of BIRLEY FIELDS CAMPUS (MMU), to what extent were the Social, Political, Cultural and Economic values of the COMMUNIT

2168 words - 9 pages University on Birley Fields. The implementation of modern citizen agendas in relation to balanced economies have shown themselves to be a solution to our struggling economic climate, however how this relates to the community to create social capital needs great assessment. MMU’s mission was to enhance community engagement, equality and opportunity however their new campus does the exact opposite. It creates a number of borderlands, divisions and social

The Italian Renaissance:Brief History Of Economics, Religion, Society, Politics, Music, Furniture, Architecture, Art, Dance, Clothing, Food, And An Emphasis On Theatre

3934 words - 16 pages of architecture terminated the supremacy of the Gothic style.During the Renaissance there was a growing emphasis placed on manners and cleanliness. The use of individual plates, glasses, knives, spoons, napkins, and forks was recommended. The use of fingers slowly became forbidden. These new manners played a large part in creating more social distinctions. Literature, particularly in Italy, used peasants to typify bad manners because they could

Social and political influences on the theorey of evolution

672 words - 3 pages * The theory had a negative effect on social life because Darwin stating that we had evolved from apes was such a ludicrous idea at the time that he was afraid that the public would denounce his work as heresy.* So he only hinted of the principle of natural selection.* Now he knew he had discovered a great truth. And he felt he had to tell the world. But he withheld the truth, for, it seemed to him, humanity was not ready for this truth.* And

Ancient Art And Architecture

2179 words - 9 pages Temple architecture : There are two kinds of temple architecture, cult temples, and funerary or mortuary temples. They accomedated the images of dieties, the recipients of the daily cult ; the latter was the shrines for the funerary of the dead kings.Cult temples : It is generally thought that the Egyptian temple of the Dynastic Period owed most to the cult of the sun god Re at Heliopolis. The temple of Re was probably open to

Ghana: Geographic Information, Population and Healht Services

3519 words - 15 pages Introduction Ghana is on the fast track for overcoming their adversities. Ghana is on the list of developing countries making unbelievable progress in changing the face of their political and economic system. It is interesting to see how Ghana is able to maintain such a consistent pace and balance while the countries around it are struggling with issues of stability. In the public eye, Ghana

Generation X: Social, Political, and Economic Issues

2135 words - 9 pages Mile Island (near nuclear meltdown in the United States). These incidents began the trend of global thinking and paved the way for future involvement of generations in worldwide industrial regulations. B. Describe Generation Y. What social, economic, and political issues affected this generation? Socially, Generation Y (aka Millennials) grew up very differently than Generation X, yet similar to Baby Boomers. They were doted on and adored by

Conduct organization evaluation by using any ONE(1) of appropriate analysis tools (Porter 5 Forces or PEST Analysis (Political, Economic, Social

646 words - 3 pages bargaining power of suppliers, here the company assesses how easy for suppliers to raise prices. This is driven by a number of suppliers of each key input, the uniqueness of their product or service in the business, their strength and control over the company, the cost of switching from one to another, and so on. The fewer the supplier choices that it have, and the more it need suppliers help, the more powerful the suppliers are. In addition, it

Transgression in Art and Architecture

1625 words - 7 pages Introduction This theory essay will consist of a discussion between transgression in art and architecture. First I will discuss what is transgression in art and in architecture? Through my research I am going to show works of well-known architects and artists describing their intentions, meanings and the reasons behind the pieces of work. The work I will be showing has been designed to push the boundaries, to confront and explore the

Biological, Psychological and Social Influences on Health

1635 words - 7 pages This essay aims to explore how biological, psychological and social aspects can have bidirectional and exacerbating influences on the health of an individual or groups. Applying the bio psychosocial model (Engel 1977; Kety 1974) to observations made in an older adult ward whilst in placement practice, discussion will explore how the vicious cycle of factors specific to older age affect the bio psychosocial health aspects of older adults. Older

Greek Art and Architecture Essays

2414 words - 10 pages giants, depicted the giants storming Mount Olympus. The amazons are sculpted on the outside of the shield. Even Athena’s sandals have figurative sculpture, this time of Lapiths and Centaurs fighting. Along the base of the statue, golden images of Pandora and witnesses to her birth contrast strongly against a white background.      There is so much information available architecturally and symbolically on the Parthenon that it is hard to form a concise short description of important points, however, it is because of this knowledge, that scholars have been able to really understand Greek art and architecture.

The Geographic, Political, and Ethnic Impact European Colonialism Has Played on the Present History of Africa

1483 words - 6 pages There is an ongoing debate on how the current political and economic failures in Africa can be traced back to the advent of colonialism. There is a great deal of evidence that illustrates the impact that colonialism and foreign intervention has had a negative effect on the development of present history of Africa. This essay will attempt to examine the geographic, political and ethnic impact European colonialism has played on the development of

Similar Essays

Catal Huyuk Information On Economic Patterns, Geographic Influences, Art And Architecture, Religion And Values, And Social And Political Organization

1075 words - 4 pages Economic Patterns:The community's economy was apparently based on agriculture, along with a developing practice of cattle raising. Also it is the first established city to have employed the exchange of goods with distant regions. The first ornamented pottery, metal works and large animal grazing was undertaken here. With established methods of agriculture, the people of Catal Hoyuk grew three types of wheat and barley as well as many other

Art Reflecting The Political, Social And Economic Conditions Of A Society

538 words - 2 pages All throughout history art has thrived in most prospering civilizations. These works of art are very often expressed the political, social, and economic conditions of the time period in which they were created. The Egyptian pyramids and the Gothic Cathedrals are the epitome of works of art that express political, social, and economic conditions. The Egyptian pyramids date back to Ancient Egypt from 3200 B.C- 500 B.C. The Ancient Egyptians

Neoliberalism: A Social, Political And Economical Concept That Is Based, Among Others, On Classic Liberalism And The Neoclassical Theory And Its Purpose Is Minimizing The Influences Of The State On...

3904 words - 16 pages Neoliberalism January 2010 Introduction By neoliberalism we understand a social, political and economical concept that is based, among others, on classic liberalism and the neoclassical theory and its purpose is minimizing the influences of the state on economic events. Unlike the laissez-faire of classic liberalism the intervention of the state for guaranteeing functional markets is considered necessary. The

Its About The Social, Political, And Individual Functions Of Religion In General. Short But Contains A Lot Of Information And Explains Well With Examples

759 words - 3 pages Religion affects our world in a variety of ways. The social, political, and individual functions are very important in basing the development of a society and how its people relate to it. Different religions promote different values or morals that will alter these functions and developments. Though this holds true, all religions have a main goal of creating a society where the citizens feel their society and lifestyle is of the highest