Machu Picchu Research Paper

775 words - 4 pages

Hidden deep in the tropical forest of Peru, Machu Picchu is 7000 feet above sea-level. The site lies against the Andean Mountain Range, with the incredible city above whereas the Urubamba valley is below. Machu Picchu was built in 15th century, stretches 5 miles across with at least 3000 stepping stones linking the city together, as a result of Inca’s civilization. However, it was conquered by the Spaniards in the 16th century and abandoned since. Many archaeologists sought that this site was a vacation retreat for the Incan leaders due to its difficulty to travel to other places. The historical site has well over 200 structures separating into three different areas for religious, ...view middle of the document...

Bingham stated that he visited Espiritu Pampa in 1911, because of its relatively small size; Bingham did not consider it to be the legendary “lost city”. Yet, Bingham’s ideology was proven to be wrong according to another archaeologist, Vincent Lee. Lee explains that Bingham only saw 20 buildings whereas there were a total of at least 500 buildings at the site. Another popular theory for the use of Machu Picchu was it might have been a temple for Virgins of the Sun. These were the women that devoted their lives to the Inca Sun god. Bingham’s team came to this theory with dozens of skeletons were found at the site. Many historians believed that Machu Picchu was a royal retreat, due to it’s geographically isolation which is not a fit for daily lives activities. Lastly, another theory suggested by anthropologist John Reinhard, Machu Picchu was built encircled around Urubamba River which the Inca called Sacred River; therefore, he sought that Machu Picchu was built to honor Sacred Landscape.
None of this historical talks and artifacts would have been significant without the discovery of Yale professor Hiram Bingham. On July 24, 1991, Professor Bingham, American archaeologist was the first to be recorded into the history books as the first person to discover the “lost city”. Although, many indigenous...

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