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Magical Realism In House Of The Spirits Vs. Realism In Madame Bovary

1264 words - 5 pages

Through the application of Realism, Gustave Flaubert demonstrates Emma’s detachment of the death of the characters in Madame Bovary, which contrasts to Isabel Allende’s demonstration of Clara’s attachment to the death of the characters in The House of the Spirits by utilizing Magical Realism. In The House of the Spirits, the characters all share a spiritual bond, which leads to emotional and spiritual connections for Clara during the death of the characters. On the contrary, in Madame Bovary, Emma Bovary depicts a realistic and natural character in society which portrays her selfishness, lack of emotions, and overall detachment towards the death of the others. Both of these connections are demonstrated through Realism and Magical Realism.
The author stylistically ascribes negative personality traits prior to the death of a character. These negative characteristics portray the character as corrupt. In the text, Homais furiously mentions, “You[Justin] are on a downward path”(Flaubert 231). The textual evidence indirectly describes the flaws of Emma. The excuse of Justin committing a crime and Emma’s presence “coincidentally” in the text or purposely by Flaubert exemplifies reality. Furthermore, the blind beggar mentions, “Dream of love and of love always,” before the death of Emma (Flaubert 300). In the text, the blind beggar is singing a song, although the song implies traits of Emma. Emma always desires and dreams of love which provides the purpose for the song and demonstrates her not being satisfied with the love Charles provides for her. Additionally, Flaubert mentions, “Charles was suffocating like a youth beneath the vague love influences that filled his aching heart,” (321) which implies that he still loves Emma dearly. The textual evidence also describes how naïve Charles is and that without Emma or being able to love her, he is in deep pain.
Through the utilization of Allende’s writing style, Clara’s predictions of the deaths of the characters depict the spiritual connection between Clara and the character. Clara introduces the first prediction of a death in the textual evidence: “Clara announced that there will soon be another death in the del Valle family. ‘But it will be my mistake” (Allende 25). In the text, the death is referring to the death of Rosa, which is the sister of Clara. The textual evidence demonstrates significance due to the fact that Rosa and Clara end up having a similar lover and hobbies, along with a spiritual connection. The prediction of the next death occurs when, “It was almost eight o’clock at night when Ferula appeared without the slightest warning . . .‘Ferula is dead’ (Allende 148-149). The prediction leads to a traumatic shock for Esteban and especially Clara. Clara and Ferula share a sororal bond and a spiritual connection. The news that “Severo and Nivea del Valle died” and the fact that “Clara found out in a dream before anybody else,” (Allende 119) creates a stun, but also can be called obvious due...

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