Gandhi perceives imperialism as a creation of Industrial development, which perpetuates greed, and the desire to increase profit at the expense of the body and society. Gandhi states. “Those who are intoxicated by modern civilization are not likely to write against it. Their care will be to find out facts and arguments in support of it, and this they do unconsciously” (Gandhi, chp 6). Gandhi’s presumes that civilization, like an incurable disease, and new-civilized creations are a limitation to the body and society. Thus, India’s helplessness is in conjunction with its British association. Moreover, a ‘disarmed India has no control of resistance of ‘western-civilization’ so then what is civilized justice? According to Gandhi, civil justice is punishing those who endanger the survival of profits and prestige from colonial imperialism. On March 10, 1922, Gandhi pleaded responsible for leading the noncooperation movement, and in light of his sedition, Gandhi’s earlier political career and written work Hind Swaraj, attests the flaws of colonial political and ethical manifesto.
In retrospect to Gandhi’s beliefs of ‘passive resistance’, his earlier political career, above all, began as a layer in London. He was educated by the civilization he later detested. Gandhi began to formulate his own critique of the materialist west. His experience in South Africa, led him to create the Indian National Congress in 1894, and his ideological concept of passive resistance helped him to establish nonviolence into strength. Gandhi discovered this spiritual identity in South Africa that became embellished in his message of Swaraj. Gandhi believed in Swaraj and used this philosophy of passive resistance to produce Hind Swaraj in 1908. This became an act of independence from external markets and foreign economic pressures. Gandhi’s critique is an attempt to uncover the discrepancies of western civilization.
Machinery is viewed as the destruction of Indian society, and conclusive to the obstruction of ancient civilization’s body and society. Industrial capitalism is subservient to Gandhi’s society, and Industrial capitalism perpetuates colonial imperialism. It is a chief representation of western civilization, as Gandhi sates, “Now thousands of workmen meet together and for the sake of maintenance work in factories or mines. Their condition is worse than that of beasts. They are obliged to work, for the sake of millionaires, but by reproducing Manchester in India, our moral being will be sapped, and I call in support of my statement the very mill-bands as witnesses” (Gandhi, chp 19). It is inherent, that Gandhi’s perception of society is one without industrial capitalism.
He saw machinery and materialism as greater representations of manipulation. The British had, like any imperialist civilization, a perpetuating greed to control natural resources for profit. Ultimately, in Gandhi’s eyes the British wanted to have complete sovereignty over political bodies in...