Mahatma Gandhi's Role In The Liberation Of India

1900 words - 8 pages

It cannot be more than exciting while we have a study tour in India! The fruitful culture of India is among the world's oldest, reaching back more than 5,000 years. With the vast area and large population, India becomes a very diverse country. Different regions have different own distinct cultures, languages, religions and food. I had a wonderful experience during these two weeks.
Obviously, Indian culture has played a crucial role in shaping people’s personality ---- Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi who dedicated his whole life in working for the liberation of the country.
As we all known, he was the leader of satyagraha (generally known as nonviolent resistance or civil resistance). With his dedication and persistence, India was led to be independent and such movement inspired the civil rights and freedom across the world. Nowadays, people around the world respect him as Mahatma Gandhi. (Louis, 2002)
After this India study tour, I found myself admire Gandhi more than before, because even he lived in such difficult time and place, he still insisted his dream and always want to save his family and his country.

Background
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (commonly called Mahatma Gandhi) was born on 2nd October 1869 in Porbandar in a region today part of Gujarat state of India. During his early childhood, Gandhi was greatly influenced by the India classics such as the stories of Sharvana and king Harishchandra. In his autobiography, he acknowledges that these Indian classics left an ineradicable impression on his mind. He writes: "It haunted me and I must have acted Harishchandra to myself times without number." Gandhi's early self-identification with truth and love as supreme values is traceable to these epic characters. (Gandhi, 2012)
It is not easy for Indian people to chase a higher education especially in those early years. When I came to India, I talked to some local students about their future development in their country. Questions like “what will you do in the future? What’s your dream?” always followed with a firm answer --- become a great leader (or manager) in the future. And they told me the only way to chase their dreams is working harder, to out of thousand and million people.
So, it surprised me that Gandhi moved to South Africa in early 1893 to practice law under a one-year contract as a legal representative for the Muslim Indian Traders. It must be difficult as a young Indian lawyer working in South Africa at the end of 19th century. However, Gandhi was subjected to Aparheid that also applied to Indian laborers. On one occasion, Gandhi was on a train bounded Pretoria, he refused to comply with such racial segregation laws to give up his seat for a European passenger and was later beaten up and forcibly evicted at Pietermaritzburg station. Gandhi later recalled this incident of racism in South Africa, as a moment of truth. From thereon, he decided to fight back the injustice and developed the concept of satyagraha, or better known as...

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