Main Characteristics Of Psychology In Egypt

2767 words - 11 pages

Main Characteristics of Psychology in Egypt

To construct a meaningful picture of psychology as it is practiced in
Egypt, the following features may be emphasized:

1. The manner in which Egyptian psychology emerged and has been
growing over the years has earned it a solid base for a promising
future. In this context, most important is the fact that the
discipline made its first appearance in 1911 as part of establishing
and operating the first secular university and that the discipline's
growth was in synchrony with that of the host institution (Cairo
University, 1983, p. 31). Growth in this career enabled Egyptian
psychology to have a share in all the strengths the host university
has been cherishing. After all, the university was initially founded
as a nongovernmental institution and was considered by Egyptian
nationals as an investment to help actualize national aspirations for
a progressive future. It continues to exist as a prestigious symbol of
those aspirations in spite of some adverse events.

2. By the same token, the discipline has been affected by all the
major difficulties under which Egyptian universities have been
laboring. Such difficulties include the ever-increasing economic
hardships encountered by all sectors of the Egyptian society,
heavy-handedness of the bureaucracy in managing academic affairs, the
ever-worsening ratio of the number of students to the number of
instructors, etc. (Reid, 1990, p. 174). With all these factors
adversely affecting the academic climate, it is no wonder that the
quality of the academic end products, psychology included, comes out
less than satisfactory.

3. The fact that university departments of psychology in Egypt
form part of faculties of arts imposes serious limitations on the
normal development of the discipline. Moreover, it harms (though in an
oblique way) the professional image of the discipline, since it
remains in a grey area lying somewhere between literary studies
(supposedly of an armchair and speculative nature) and scientific
disciplines proper.

4. Some sort of chronic conflict has been going on since the
early 1940s between two camps of psychologist, one comprising
graduates of the institutes (now name faculties) of education, and
another including those who graduate from faculties of arts. Over the
years, gross manifestations of this conflict have been dissipating,
only to be replaced by subtle maneuvers; e.g., there exist two
different Egyptian psychological associations, one presided over and
managed by educators (The Egyptian Society for Psychological Studies),
and another chaired and managed by faculties of arts psychologists
(The Association of Egyptian Psychologists). The end result is a
psychology with a blurred public image and a split identity.

5. Research...

Find Another Essay On Main Characteristics of Psychology in Egypt

Increasing volume of tourism in Egypt

1211 words - 5 pages Let is be known that tourism usually represents a little over 50 % of direct investments by developing countries. In a variety of countries and regions (Egypt, Greece, the Caribbean, Polynesia), tourism is already the most important economic sector and provides the principal boost for development. Economic growth for tourism in the world is expected to grow by 3.8 % by the year 2010. Some projections estimate that the actual number of tourists

Discovery Of Raised Bread in Egypt

1650 words - 7 pages Rivers Press, 1988. 52. Print). Moreover, the first raised Bread was discovered in Mesopotamia, Egypt over 4000 years ago. Nevertheless, during the Neolithic era, many of the development of the agriculture and farming occurred around that era. However, the Egyptians still had some difficulties with their agriculture and farming to grow periodically because they had limited resources for food. In addition, the main reason the Egyptians had

A History of Christianity in Egypt.

2242 words - 9 pages The history of Christianity in Egypt dates back verily to the beginnings of Christianity itself. Many Christians hold that Christianity was brought to Egypt by the Apostle Saint Mark in the early part of the first century AD. Eusebius, Bishop of Caesarea, in his Ecclesiastic History states that Saint Mark first came to Egypt between the first and third year of the reign of Emperor Claudius, which would make it sometime between AD 41 and 44, and

Clinical Characteristics of Constipation in Jordanian Children

2574 words - 11 pages Purpose: Constipation is a common pediatric problem worldwide. This study aims to describe the clinical characteristics of constipation in Jordanian children according to their age groups. Methods: All patients with constipation managed at our pediatric gastroenterology service between September 2009 and December 2012 included. Hospital charts were reviewed. Demographic data, clinical characteristics and final diagnosis were recorded. Data was

importance of psychology in nursing

764 words - 3 pages understanding and deliver the Hippocratic Oath satisfactorily.Key words: Psychology, counseling, healthcare, the nurse, behavior, biological, and mind.IntroductionAn overview of the main points considered in analysis in the field of psychology that aid nurses elaborate as below. Bio psychologists, endeavor to understand links between human brain and behavior. Cognitive psychologists examine human thought while psychodynamic explore to the mind and

Developement of ancient systems of writing in Iraq and Egypt

1618 words - 6 pages Ancient systems of writing in the Middle East arose whenpeople needed a method for remembering important information. Inboth Ancient Iraq and Ancient Egypt each of the stages of writing,from pictograms to ideograms to phonetograms, evolved as a responseto the need to express more complex ideas. Satisfaction of thisneed gave us the two most famous forms of ancient writing,cuneiform from ancient Iraq, and hieroglyphics from ancient Egypt.Both of

Shakespeare’s Presentation of Rome and Egypt in Antony and Cleopatra

1739 words - 7 pages Shakespeare’s Presentation of Rome and Egypt in Antony and Cleopatra As the title clearly suggests, Shakespeare’s Antony and Cleopatra is based around the extraordinary relationship among two distinctive individuals, one a Roman general and the other an Egyptian queen. Along with Caesar who is also a Roman general, these entities dominate the play’s tragic storyline progression. However whilst Antony and Cleopatra

The role of globalization in Canada and Egypt.

3058 words - 12 pages The push and pull of global forces is a factor common to every country in the world. In the struggle for power, even richer countries fall prey to corporate interest, arduous and effectual decision-making, and sometimes even devastation. While the global community can act as a positive force, both Canada and Egypt experience their downsides on a daily basis. However, assessing the negative and positive aspects of globalization, in addition to

role of women in ancient greece and egypt

2379 words - 10 pages The Role of Women in Ancient Greece and Egypt Throughout history, most societies held women in an inferior status compared to that of men. This was often justified as being the natural result of biological differences between the sexes. In many societies, for example, people believed women to be more emotional and less decisive than men. Women were also viewed to be less intelligent and less creative by nature. However, research shows that

Stereotypes in Beans of Egypt, Maine by Carolyn Chute

1106 words - 4 pages A commentary on class division and the unaccepted social behavior of the lower class in our society, the Beans of Egypt, Maine by Carolyn Chute. A commentary on class division and the unaccepted social behavior of the lower class in our society, the Beans of Egypt, Maine by Carolyn Chute successfully uses stereotypical characters to tell it's story. Each character, or group of characters, the reader meets in the novel is reflective of

Queens of the Ramesside Dynasty in New Kingdom Egypt

926 words - 4 pages Ancient Egypt - Ramesside QueensAlthough not as influential as the queens of Dynasty XVIII, the Ramesside queens continued to play a prominent role. In the New Kingdom, the Queen became much more prominent and powerful. She acquired in her own right secular and religious titles that carried with them genuine jobs to do and estates with land, servants and administrators to provide an independent income. The title God's Wife of Amun provided the

Similar Essays

Main Characteristics Of Egyptian Art Essay

885 words - 4 pages Art was very important to the Egyptian culture. Ancient Egypt lasted from about 3000 B.C. to about 1000 B.C. Art symbolized Egyptian beliefs and every day life. Today in western culture, we generally consider art a form of self-expression. However, for the Egyptians it was almost religious. The Egyptians took art very seriously and strictly followed very specific rules, though over time as Egypt grew, so grew the standards and styles of the arts

• Describe The Main Characteristics Of Sa Climates (Seasonal Variations In Terms Of Temperature, Insolation, Precipitation, Humidity, Diurnal Rang...

1017 words - 5 pages • Describe the main characteristics of SA climates (seasonal variations in terms of temperature, insolation, precipitation, humidity, diurnal ranges). In South Africa, the mid-summer set in January, and the mid-winter set in July. The transitional seasons of spring and autumn were short in South Africa. According to the enormous land size, the climate and the land can be a lot differ. “Of the land area, 0.6% has a tropical wet and dry

The Role Of Women In Ancient Egypt

896 words - 4 pages the average women in this society. Achieving A reversal of this unawareness is done by explaining the role of the average Egyptian woman in the family, the legal rights of women, and the role of women in the temples.In Ancient Egypt the main purpose for women was to marry and to reproduce. 'To marry and beget children may have been the duty of every right-thinking Egyptian, but it was a duty which was very much welcome.' (Tyldesley 1994). There

Denial Of Human Rights In Egypt

1848 words - 7 pages In the United States we enjoy religious and political freedoms that are not always practiced in other countries of the world. In fact in Egypt there is no tolerance for opposing viewpoints and diverse religious beliefs. These polarized views have often times led to violent behavior. In 2004, members of the Islamic extremists bombed the Hilton Taba hotel in Egypt which killed 34 tourists in hopes of destabilizing Egypt (Omer…). For years the