Primary health care is the care nurses adopt to emphasis the health care to the people themselves
and their needs to shape their lives of the people. Primary health care includes all areas that play
a role in health, such as access to health services, environment and lifestyle. Hospitals and the
health care centers are the only aspects providing the health care to the people in towns or
communities. According to (Anne McMurray, 2012), “Primary health care encompasses a broad
spectrum of activities to encourage health and wellbeing. These can include primary care and
include follow up activities for promoting the health of the community and to protecting the
community members from harm, and or preventing illness or injury. Importantly, the ultimate
goal of primary health care is to build community capacity to enable sustainable health and
wellbeing. Community capacity building is based on the fundamental values of equity,
community participation and self-determination, which embody human rights and shared social
To begin with, primary health care was a new approach to health care as after international
conference in Alma Ata in 1978 organized by the World Health Organization and the UNICEF.
Primary health care was based on mutuality, social justice and equality. As a strategy, primary health care focuses on individual and community strengths and opportunities for changes, increases the participation of the community, includes all relevant sectors and uses only health technologies that are accessible, affordable and appropriate.
To add on, according to (Janice E. Hitchcock, 2003) it is stated that “Primary health care in international health is associated with the global conference held at Alma Ata in 1978, the conference that promoted the initiative Health for All by the year 2000. Primary health care defined broadly at Alma Ata emphasized universal health care across to all individuals and 00 families, encouraged participation by community members in all aspects of health care planning and implementation, and promoted the delivery of care that would be scientifically sound, technically effective, socially relevant and acceptable ”
Principles of Primary Health Care
To begin with, the first principle that is accessibility and affordability. This is the first and most important principle to primary health care. Health care services must be equally shared by all the people of the community irrespective of their race or economic status. This concept helps to shift the accessibility of healthcare from the cities to the rural areas where the most needy and vulnerable groups of the population live. Health care services should be delivered to where the people are. The health care resources that are available in a given community should not be in the handle of a few and resources should be accessible and affordable to all. For instance, think of a woman who has a smelly vaginal discharge which worries her. What might...