Major Depressive Disorder Essay

1615 words - 6 pages

Depression is a psychological condition that changes how you think, feel, and it also affects your social behavior and sense of physical wellness. It can make you feel like you low self-esteem and can cause self-depreciation. Depression is not feeling sad occasionally, it is a constant feeling of sadness that stays with you. If not treated it can affect the way you act, feel, and the way you think. It can also cause you to be more pessimistic towards family members, or friends. Depression is one of the most common psychological problems. It affects nearly everyone through either personal experiences or through depression in a family member. Every year about 17 million American adults experience a period of clinical depression. Depression has often led to suicide in many untreated cases.Major depressive disorder, sometimes referred to as unipolar depression, describes a leading disruptive mental state which effects about 10-20 percent of the world's population in the course of a lifetime. This disorder must be regarded as a significantly important state, as it strikes its victim psychologically, socially and sometimes even physically, impairing normal daily behavior.Out of the many mental illnesses that have either arose or been discovered, depression has the longest background in history. Societies and cultures throughout the ages have noticed depression, classifying it as an illness, as a symptom to a disease, as insanity, unaware as to why the despondency and mournfulness had come about or what to do to alleviate this state from its victim.Major depressive disorder is a common disorder affecting both women and men, though depression is more frequent in women than in men, with a striking lifetime prevalence of approximately 15 percent. In fact, there are some studies which suggest that for women, the lifetime prevalence of clinical depression could be as elevated as 25 percent. The causes as to such differences between the rates of depression in women and men are unknown, but research has hypothesized that these distinctions may be due to hormonal rates, the effects of childbirth, variant psychosocial tensions and disparities in female and male socialization.For 50 percent both women and men with major depressive disorder, the onset of the disorder occurs between the ages of 20 and 50. Although it is definitely true that this disease can strike in younger or older individuals, it is rare to see the onset of this disorder in those age groups, though the rate of affliction is rising in the adolescent population. Major depressive disorder can strike anyone of any gender, race or age, and although the course of the disorder is extremely variable from person to person, many are at risk.Within the modern concept of major depressive disorder, there are individual factors which can each play a role in the causation of this disease. Those main components are biological, genetic and psychosocial factors, as well as a combination of those three, termed the...

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