This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Major Environmental Issues Facing Zimbabwe Essay

1739 words - 7 pages

Major Environmental Issues facing Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe is the second most industrialized country in SADC, after South Africa. Industries are concentrated around Harare, with ore smelters located close to the ore sources (principally along the Great Dyke). A combination of vehicle emissions, dust and smoke from domestic fires is a potential air quality concern in larger cities such as Harare. Water is not generally abundant, and the maintenance of water quality is a serious issue.
Biodiversity preservation
Zimbabwe has a rich biotic heritage and is highly dependent on tourism. It has a long history of biodiversity preservation, through the national parks, forest reserves and innovative community-based sustainable-use schemes such as CAMPFIRE. Nevertheless, the natural resources are under pressure from a growing population with limited economic alternatives.
Land quality
Zimbabwe has the greatest fraction of its land area in good quality agricultural land. The economy of Zimbabwe has a large agricultural component, and the majority of people are dependent on the land. The distribution of people and productive agricultural resources is uneven, leading to problems of land degradation where large numbers of people and livestock are concentrated on marginal lands.
Freshwater resources
The Zambezi River in the north is one of the largest rivers in Africa, but does not currently supply water to the rest of the country, which is water-scarce in most parts. The geology is generally not conducive to large groundwater supplies.
Climate change
Like the rest of southern Africa, Zimbabwe is strongly influenced by fluctuations in rainfall. An improvement in the water balance as a result of climate change would be a great benefit; increase water stress, on the other hand, would be a substantial development challenge.
Zimbabwe environmental problems like erosion of its agricultural lands and deforestation. By 1992, deforestation was progressing at the rate of 70,000–100,000 ha per year, or about 1.5% of the nation's forestland. The confinement of large segments of the population to relatively unproductive lands before independence put severe pressure on these lands, a substantial portion of which may have been irreversibly damaged.
Zimbabwe's air is polluted by vehicle and industrial emissions, while water pollution results from mining and the use of fertilizers. Zimbabwe's cities produce 0.5 million tons of solid waste per year and a good amount ends up in the rivers. The nation has been estimated to have the highest DDT concentrations in the world in its agricultural produce.
In 2001, nine of the nation's mammal species and nine bird species were endangered, as well as 73 types of plants. Zimbabwe has about half of the world's population of black rhinoceroses, an endangered species. Rare or threatened species include the cape vulture, black-cheeked lovebird, and brown hyena. For protection, the government has adopted a policy of shooting poachers on...

Find Another Essay On Major Environmental Issues Facing Zimbabwe

Unemployment Rate Of Zimbabwe Essay

2464 words - 10 pages population: 75.7 yearsMale: 73.96 yearsFemale: 77.53 years (2011 EST.)In addition, the health issues are not seeing any improvement in Zimbabwe while in Qatar, good medical cares and medicines are available.In Zimbabwe, one of the problems for the early deaths are the 20.1% of the population with HIV and AIDS while in Qatar, people who are living with HIV/AIDS are fewer than 200. Qatar 's FlagZimbabwe's FlagEconomic Background of Country

Zimbabwe's Issues Essay

1383 words - 6 pages Zimbabwe could come out of its economic crisis is if its government resolves major issues such as the fiscal imbalances and the exchange rate over evaluation. At present the current economic situation in Zimbabwe is very uncertain.(“Future of Zimbabwe's Economy Remains Uncertain.”) The economy in Zimbabwe as of now is not doing very good. One of the biggest problems in Zimbabwe is disease. Aids and Malaria kill many in Zimbabwe every year. The Aids

Zimbabwe and South Africa

2507 words - 10 pages 130-131). Many problems also occurred with the growing presence of Chinese companies in the Zimbabwe market. There are issues that come with the growing number of Chinese products on the Zimbabwean market. China is not giving its money without getting anything in return. It has been asking for more and more of its product being sold creating greater competition for locally produced goods (Edinger & Burke, 25). According to Manyeruke, the price

History of Zimbabwe

2285 words - 9 pages also started overtaxation to pay for his own needs such as daughter’s weddings, his clothing, trips, etc… With inflation these taxes became incredibly burdensome and caused countrywide starving among other issues. The overtaxation and banning of NGO’s(Non-Governmental Organizations) were only a small part of the humanitarian problems within Zimbabwe, the major problem was the violence against opposing political parties especially around the times

zimbabwe vs south africa

767 words - 4 pages contraception and better sex education are what both of these countries need. South Africa and Zimbabwe both have a contraceptive prevalence rate of fifty-nine percent that is helping the country decrease their population of people living with HIV/aids. If the countries continue become better educated on HIV/Aids and used contraceptives, then they would be able to help decrease their population of people living with it. The two major roles in

Battling Blood Diamonds

1792 words - 7 pages addressing the environmental issues” by “[developing] the quality of the soil to plant what the communities want” (Can Blood Diamonds Be Good?). Many people argue that if it had not been for the years of civil war and the destruction of the environment caused by blood diamonds that the programs that Gbondo describes would not be in place today. Though blood diamonds may have a positive side to them, there are still people out there who cry foul when

The Process and Implications of the Emigration of Zimbabweans During

1511 words - 7 pages Fleeing Zimbabwe: The Process and implications of the emigration of Zimbabweans during Zimbabwe’s post-colonial crisis In the year 2000 Zimbabwe’s socio-economic standing crumbled due to the political decisions of the Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) ruled by Zimbabwe’s president, Robert Mugabe. This article examines the crisis of Zimbabwe, their trials and tribulations during the period between 2000 and 2009. As the

International Human Rights: Police Brutality

2247 words - 9 pages Police Brutality Arbitrary arrest and detention is highly prevalent within Zimbabwe. The following documented cases were reported by Amnesty International. Select cases involved members of non-governmental organizations facing prosecution despite the fact that they were conducting legitimate work that was sanctioned under international law. A minimum of twelve activists were charged on account of “undermining the authority of or insulting the

Critically assess Zimbabwe's present economic recovery and reform programmes. In your opinion, what are their chances of success?

3778 words - 15 pages standards of living, as well as general delinquency. Close to 65% of the population is considered poor according to the latest poverty assessment. The country is facing near bankruptcy. The problem is Government's huge borrowings where much of the money is used for recurrent expenditures to meet the day to day running of Ministries. Very little is for capital investments.Since the attainment of independence in 1980, Zimbabwe has produced a number

The Right to Water

2144 words - 9 pages human dignity.” Additionally, everyone has the right to form and join trade unions (, 2013). Human rights of the people of Zimbabwe are being violated. In 2008, the human rights council in Geneva highly acknowledged the violations of human rights in relation to water that were taking place in Zimbabwe (, 2012). The main issues they address involve sufficient food, cholera epidemic, and of course the healthcare system. The

New Economic Imperialism

5417 words - 22 pages closely linked to the official Rhodesian Information Office that maintained an office in Washington despite international economic sanctions against Zimbabwe. The Center for Strategic and International Studies at Georgetown University was a major promoter of Smith and a moderate Black solution was directly linked to Britain’s Institute for the Study of Conflict, which in turn had direct links to the British police and army training institutions

Similar Essays

Two Major Issues Facing The World Today: Social Security And The Death Penalty

1453 words - 6 pages cashed in each year to help finance the worker's retirement benefits. I wouldn't want to take chances in the stock market because there will always be that chance that the stock I invest in will crash.I have stated above two major issues we are facing in the world today. The death penalty will always be arguable, whether it's just or unjust. The Social Security issue is basically you own option, whether you want to invest in stock, bonds or just leave it alone.

Why Is Creativity An Important Aspect Of Business And Organisation? Explain The Major Issues Facing The Manager In Encouraging Creativity In The Organisation And Supporting Creative People In Order To...

2994 words - 12 pages Why is creativity an important aspect of business and organisation? Explain the major issues facing the manager in encouraging creativity in the organisation and supporting creative people in order to improve performance Introduction:This work starts with the definition of creativity and goes through the importance of creative thinking to today's business. In this paper I tackled major issues that may face managers while encouraging creative

Exterminating Poverty And Hunger Essay

1465 words - 6 pages from Zimbabwe and get new technology and knowledge that how they can get their resource and produce them to sell to other country. They should stop giving their resource to other country to get low income. It can help environmental status too. They build their own factor with deep thinking over environmental and economy. Not just build factor to get resource as other countries. MDG #8 The eight MDG is set to aid countries with weak economies. This

Reasons Behind My Choice Of Country: Zimbabwe

888 words - 4 pages . The type of government in the US focuses on the citizen's voices and let the citizen's idea to be heard. Representative democracy can sometimes be hard to follow because it is hard and tough to listen to everyone's ideas and consider everyone's thoughts. I believe that Zimbabwe's type of government can reduce the minor/major issues with each state and the country itself because there is a prime minister and a president elected separately often