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Major Greek Gods And Goddesses Essay

1630 words - 7 pages

Unlike religious gods today, the Greek gods resembled human being in their form and their emotions, and suffered from the same dilemmas humans throughout time have faced. The Greeks believe in many gods and think they are very much like people. They have both supernatural powers and human weaknesses. The gods would fight, play on each other, gets angry or jealous, and steal from each other. The Olympian Gods live atop Mt. Olympus in Greece behind a gate of clouds. They watch the mortals down on earth which they can visit any time, and are responsible for the success or failure of human life. The Greeks worship their gods, pray, give offerings, and build temples to please the gods so they will not give any punishments.
Mt. Olympus, the tallest mountain in Greece, is the holy place where Zeus resides. Zeus is the leader of all the Olympian Gods and has been the leader since he overthrew his father Cronus, the leader of the Titans who ruled before Zeus and the Olympians. Zeus was the youngest of the gods, born by Rhea and Cronus. Cronus was worried that one of his sons would overthrow him just as he overthrown his father… so he swallowed each child when it was born- Poseidon, Hades, Hera, Demeter, and Hestia. This, of course, made Rhea very angry so she tricked Cronus by hiding Zeus and instead gave him a rock wrapped in a blanket (and he ate it believing it was the baby)! Rhea than smuggled Zeus to the island of Crete to be raised by nymphs (fairy-like creatures). When Zeus grew up, he consulted with Metis (goddess of wisdom) on how to defeat Cronus. She prepared a drink designed to make him vomit up the other children. Rhea persuaded Cronus to accept Zeus to return to Mt. Olympus as his cupbearer, and he accepted. Zeus then slipped Cronus the special drink. The gods were vomited up and because they were gods, were unharmed. Together the Gods went to war against Cronus and the Titans for ten years, and Cronus was defeated. Having beaten the old gods, Zeus made himself supreme god of the Olympians and most powerful god. The brothers drew straws for domains of the Universe and therefore were divided into three parts. Poseidon became the god of the sea, Zeus became the king of gods, the sky, and heaven and earth and Hades became the god of the underworld.
Zeus was the supreme god and ruler of Olympus. He was known by many names: Lord of the Sky, the Rain-god, the Cloud-gatherer, and Zeus the Thunderer. Zeus was the sixth child born to Cronus and Rhea behind Poseidon, Hades, Hestia, Dementer, and Hera. The high soaring eagle was sacred to him, and to the Romans he was known as Jupiter. Zeus was a strong, mighty, awesome, glorious, and wise god. Although, he was very foolish and naïve with hiding his love affairs from Hera.
Poseidon is the ancient Greek god who resembles the power of the untamed, the brutal, and the wild. After the defeat of the Titans, Poseidon drew straws with his brothers and got the...

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