This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Major Problems In Mexican American History

2313 words - 9 pages

Major Problems in Mexican American History

Mexicans have been a people long oppressed. That is evident not only by the readings edited by Zaragosa Vargas in Major Problems in Mexican American History, but also by the the documentary Chicano!. The Mexicans’ past is underscored by conquest of the present-day American Southwest first by the Spanish and then by the United States following the Mexican American War. With other countries establishing control over them, Mexicans have never really been able to establish themselves. Efforts were repeatedly made to shape them into what others perceived them to be. The language they should speak, the religion they should practice, the things they should learn, and the way they should live, were all decisions that for many years Mexicans did not have the power to control. This lack of power allowed the Spanish and the United States to take advantage of Mexican rights, labor and land. In addition, it also produced a loss of Mexican identity and culture.

Mexican American history began in the16th century under Spanish colonialism. The Spanish had a goal of conquest and colonization. Evidently, that goal was successfully accomplished because when the Spanish first arrived in 1492 Mexico’s population was fourteen million, but by the end of the 16th century it had drastically declined to one million. Numbers decreased because of the cruel treatment, forced labor, and disease brought by the Spanish. The Spanish eventually controlled most of the territory in the Southwest and over three hundred towns had been established for the purpose of control and conversion. The Spanish imposed conditions on the natives of Mexico that would belittle them. They aimed to convert them in order to make them reliant. If any signs were noticed of natives preserving their culture or rejecting Spanish conversion, the Spanish acted immediately without hesitation. This is clear in Document 2 of chapter two in The Major Problems in Mexican American History. In this document entitled, "Spain Asserts Control over the Indians of Nueva Galicia, Mexico, 1570," the king of Spain issued a royal order commanding the Spanish in Mexico to control the Indians, convert them, and use them as labor. The king did not’t like the fact the Indians were living in the mountains "preventing interference with their manner and custom of life" (34). By being away from the Spanish established towns, they were refusing to "be more advantageously converted and indoctrinated" (34).

What is ironic is that although the Spanish felt that Mexico’s population had to be converted because they were uncivilized and inferior, "mestizaje, the product of racial interbreeding with Indian, black, and mixed-blood women," took place. As a result, Mexicans share a rich mestizo cultural heritage of Spanish, Indian, and African origins. By raping the uncivilized Other, the Spaniards were in turn making themselves uncivilized. Those women represented nothing more but the...

Find Another Essay On Major Problems in Mexican American History

Was the Mexican American War an Exercise in American Imperialism

569 words - 2 pages what President Polk was doing. In this case, it was religion that he and the Americans were enforcing. He forced the Mexicans to become Protestant if they chose to stay in their homeland.The Mexican American War shows all the signs of imperialism. President Polk made claims that there was no other solution but war, when, in reality, there were many other solutions. Polk's unnecessary want for the control of land, and for the United States to become the greatest power, all familiar views of imperialism, led him to war. The annexation of Texas did indeed play a large role in the Mexican-American War, and was based off of imperialist beliefs and goals.

The Mexican War as an Exercise in American Imperialism

1359 words - 5 pages The Mexican War as an Exercise in American Imperialism The US government believed firmly in the doctrine of Manifest destiny, the government argued that they had the right and duty to expand through North American because it was necessary and inevitable. During the 19th century Mexico dominated a large amount of North America which was inhabited by American settlers and the American government aimed to expand the USA

Space Mobility in Mexican American Aged 75 and Older

1335 words - 5 pages started out with seven hundred and twenty-eight Mexican American men and women. The data that was collected was from an ongoing longitudinal study that was being conducted by the Hispanic Established Populations for Epidemiological Study of the Elderly, in the beginning of this study the participants being 65 years old then followed for 10 years till age of 75 or older. The original participants were selected using area probability sampling that

Women as Major Players in American Politics

1976 words - 8 pages In recent years, the increase of women as major players in American politics has changed the political landscape. Despite women accounting for over fifty percent of the nation’s population, in 2011, women account for just over twenty percent of the nation’s state legislators, and sixteen percent of U.S. House of Representative and U.S. Senate members. This number is largely unchanged from the percent of women who held positions in these public

Hunter-Gatherers: Major Transition in History

1471 words - 6 pages biggest, best-tasting seeds and grow only those in the next season. This major change was the Agricultural Revolution, which is the shift into the Systematic Agriculturalists. This shift leads to more changes in their way of life. After the transition, people began to write down their history, which lead to more intellectual breakthroughs later on, such as philosophy. The major transition into the Agriculturalists was when people began to harvest

Slavery In American History

1410 words - 6 pages When it comes to some important events before 19th century in United States, we must mention the Abolition Movement, which began in 1930s, and ended with Emancipation Proclamation. Just like our textbook---A Short History of the American Nation, ¡°No reform movement of this era was more significant, more ambiguous in character, or more provocative of later historical investigation than the drive to abolish slavery.¡± Abolition Movement was not

Entrepreneurs in American History

705 words - 3 pages Corporate development during the Industrial Revolution was made in part by entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurs were the people who took responsibility for the organization and operation of a new business venture. These business men often risked the initial money for setting up different types of businesses. With the risk of large sums of money, some of these entrepreneurs made enormous profits. Two major entrepreneurs of American history are John D

American Women in History

2046 words - 8 pages together to make changes through meetings, petition drives, lobbying, public speaking, and nonviolent resistance. They have worked to create a life that is full and fulfilling for women of all ages, everywhere.The History of Women in AmericaIn March of 1776, Abigail Adams, the wife of the United States second president John Adams, wrote one of her most famous letters to her husband, she insisted that in the constitution women have equal rights. She

1969 in American History

1139 words - 5 pages There are many things that define the eventful, complex year of 1969, but the spirit of the time is depicted through contrast. President Richard Nixon struggled with balancing peace and American power. The spirit of the year is remembered by the struggle for peace and the conflict it created. As it is often portrayed as a peaceful year, 1969 had its fair share of events that negatively impacted society. Differences in ideas, race, and culture

Guns in American History

1129 words - 5 pages Guns have played a big part in American history. The first settlers found an abundant amount of edible game when they came to this continent. Guns were very useful in hunting for food in this vas landscape. Familiarity with a rifle was an essential skill which also helped the Colonist of the new world to defeat the British troops during the Revolutionary War that was fought from 1775-1783. After the Revolutionary War was over, guns became even

Realism in American History

779 words - 3 pages Chris HardyHistory 8th periodMrs. StewartRealism in American HistoryThe late 1800s was a watershed moment in American History. The era of the Wild West was ending. The land in the western had been almost fully settled by the late 1800s and was in the process of becoming the "bread basket" that it is today. While one ear was ending the era of big business was in full swing. Monopolies and trusts were the standard of the late 1800s expanding their

Similar Essays

Major Problems In American Immigration History

1762 words - 7 pages In Chapter 8 of Major Problems in American Immigration History, the topic of focus shifts from the United States proper to the expansion and creation of the so called American Empire of the late Nineteenth Century. Unlike other contemporary colonial powers, such as Britain and France, expansion beyond the coast to foreign lands was met with mixed responses. While some argued it to be a mere continuation of Manifest Destiny, others saw it as

Hero In Mexican History Essay

1771 words - 7 pages protect it," Hidalgo responded. Then, raising his voice once again, he claimed for himself the most remembered moment in Mexican history. "Long live the Virgin of Guadalupe!" the priest cried out. "Viva!" responded the throng. "Long live America!" Hidalgo continued, and, with the roar of the crowd in his ears, finished with "Long live Independence!" (Meyer, Sherman & Deeds, 276) The Grito de Dolores had been exclaimed. Mexico was on the road to

The History And Future Of The Mexican American Culture

1243 words - 5 pages A. IntroductionB. Cultural Background1. about the land2. about the economyC. Purpose of Migration1. reasons of migration2. places migrated toD. History of Migration1. labor shortages2. anti-Mexican attitudesE. Problems and Restrictions1. negative effects2. positive effectsF. SummaryMexico is now concerned with the violation of human rights afterTexas Gov. Rick Perry asked for $9.7 million to increase security along theMexico-Texas border. Mexico

Major Issues In American Schooling Essay

1713 words - 7 pages Major Issues in American Schooling To be successful in any career or work field requires an education. Not many people would disagree on the fact that education is a key factor of being successful in the United States. Getting an education opens the door for more opportunities and possibilities in life. According to statistics college graduates earn more than twice as much as high school graduates. As the economy keeps changing, it is important