Major Sociological Theories Paper

1012 words - 5 pages

Major Sociological Theories Essay
High school or more generally education plays a vital role in society here in the United States. It provides a necessary transition from childhood to adulthood through education and conditioning. Others would argue it serves as a competing group for resources or a center for learning and practicing the implied meanings in society.
Derived from the works of Durkheim Functionalism theory emphasizes the role each social institution plays in society and how society as a whole seek equilibrium when one dysfunctions. His idea was that society is more than the sum of its parts similar to how each organ serves a specific role and contributes to the body as a ...view middle of the document...

Moreover with the rules and regulations implemented in schools individuals are prepared for future work environments and are conditioned to be law abiding citizens in adulthood.
Competing classes and scarce resources and thus forth inequality that is the basis of the conflict theory first drawn out by Karl Marx. Federal and local government funds are stretched out over a great number of venues from the military, to social welfare, and education. This creates conflict as all these institutions try to advocate their cause and compete for government funds. Seniors and the elderly those is society who most directly benefit from social security and other welfare programs hold the most political power. Their age group makes up the vast majority of voters at they array of elections held for offices or legislation. They therefore have and unfair advantage over what policy makes pass or who is elected into office. Considering the large percentage of voter turnout from the age group politicians have diverted more of the government’s funds into Social Security and other measures to appease the age group. The diverted funds take away from previously used funds from other venues such as education. Although this may seem selfish individuals are innately self-interested seeking only to better their standing in society with the attainment of more resources. The younger generations of today who fail to show up at the polls in as great of number as the elder counterparts are left with less funding for school or government aid to attend college or a university. It seems our generation is complacent and feels as though their vote is cast in vain since they feel alienated as though they cannot make a difference politically. The older generations grew up in a time of secrecy and mistrust of the government therefore the political involvement should obviously be greater than the younger age group of today. This has led to change in our society where more funds are going to benefit the older generation of society and failing to aid the younger growing one.
Lastly there is the Symbolic Interaction theory which...

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