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Major Technological Changes During The Period From The 15th Century To The 2010s

1755 words - 8 pages

Followed by the invention of paper in ancient China 105 A.D., the development of human civilization has been involved in the revolution of information. From the first codex which was written on the parchment and emerged in the fourth century AD to the most recent Twitter on the Internet, the mediums of sharing the information have experienced an earthshaking change. Indeed, the innovation of technology has played a significant role in the development of mass media. The following essay will discuss the major media trends which were led by the invention of new technology and how exactly a new technology would create a restructuring of political and economic system during the period of ...view middle of the document...

According to the textbook chapter one, Starr illustrated that the religious ideas became the essential intention for the spread of print culture in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. During that period, the printers would eliminate the problem of the very large and cumbersome sizes of the manuscripts by replacing with a more portable and readable size of the books (Starr p. 26). What’s more, the flourishing of the print represented that the people started utilizing the printing press to express their thoughts and beliefs, and stimulated the communication between each other.
Followed by the invention of the books, the distribution of the presses became a remarkable trend during the 1970s. Thus, the emergence of transportation revolution in the same period played a significant role in eliminating the obstacles of the long-distance distribution of the presses. The construction of canals and railroads reinforced the drop of the cost of presses and accomplished to distribute print products nationally in the 1790s. According to the second lecture note of unit one, the emergence of clipper ships and flatcoat represented the start of the early transportation revolution. Then, by the 1817, the construction of the Erie Canal connected the eastern part (New York City) of the United States to the western interior area (Great Lakes). The development of the railroad was slightly later than the invention of boats, and it became the dominant symbol of mid-century America. The article for my group presentation “The Book Peddler and Literary Dissemination” which introduced the patterns of the parson Weem’s itinerancy could fully demonstrate the benefit of the construction of canals and railroad. In the article, the author illustrated the path which the parson Weem sold the books. Weem started his road on selling books in 1792 when the transportation did not get fully developed; however, in 1817, the canal brought Weem to Pennsylvania and Chesapeake Bay area (Zboray p. 44). Hence, the new technologies during the transportation revolution accelerated the spread of presses nationally.
(Unit Two) Followed by the advent of the framework of the book trade, the intention of newsletters also got developed in the late fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. The technological development once again dominated the whole era of news network. Based on the textbook chapter four of unit two, the production of newspaper generally related to three advanced areas: papermaking, printing and stereotyping (Starr p. 126). In the beginning, the paper used to be made by hand from rags, which caused the rising cost of paper. Fortunately, a papermaking machine devised by a French inventor in 1798 and the Fourdrinier machines devised by two London stationers in 1807 effectively solved the problem of the high cost of paper (Starr p. 127). Then, the advent of steam power contributed to the increasing productivity of printing process and altered the labor relations during the 1800s. The...

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