"Around the world at least one woman in every three has been beaten, coerced into sex, or otherwise abused in her lifetime. Most often the abuser is a member of her own family." (C,J Newton, 2011)
Domestic Violence and Abuse can be defined as threatening behavior or controlling behavior and violence of those over the age of 16 whom have been or who are an intimate partner or family member. The abuse can consist of: psychological, emotional, sexual, financial and physical. (GOV.UK, 2013).
The main themes of this argument are the political and social attitudes of the subject and how the trends of Domestic Violence and Abuse persuade communities and individuals to feel about the matter; also how different locations and situations have an impact on how and why Domestic Violence and Abuse occurs. Why men feel they cannot report their cases of Domestic Violence and abuse to the police, how this crime type is measured and the historical and cultural relativity to Domestic Violence and abuse. Other themes will include the economy and the views of the Criminal Justice System.
Any change to definitions does not always mean that there will be a change in the law. Domestic Violence does not have a legal definition and is always changing. The definition changed in 2011”This follows on from the Government’s successful Teenage Relationship Abuse Campaign …which found that 16-19-year-olds were the group most likely to suffer abuse from a partner.” (GOV.UK, 2011)
“There is a Domestic Violence act which was introduced in 1976 which enables women obtain a court order against their violent partner or husband” (Domestic Violence 1970-1979, no date). Over the past few years the amount of women and men being prosecuted for Domestic Violence and abuse has risen. “Figures obtained from the Crown Prosecution Service showed that almost 4,000 women were successfully prosecuted in the past year, compared with 1,500 women in 2005, a 169% increase.” (BBC NEWS UK, 2011).
This shows that although women still remain to be the majority of the victims in this type of crime, women are also starting to become the worst offenders too, making men more susceptible to this kind of behaviour and causing them to be inferior to women.
Over the years the way Domestic Violence and Abuse is looked at by women and men has changed. In the mid 1800’s men were allowed to beat their wives under certain circumstances, for example if the stick was no thicker than their thumb this would be acceptable and if it wasn’t between the hours of ten pm and 8 am it was acceptable this was because too much noise would keep the neighbours awake. It wasn’t until the 1900’s that Domestic Violence and wife beating was beginning to be frowned upon. This could have had an impact on why men are not as likely as women to report to the police.
"During the period between 1997 and 2010, the main focus of policy and legislation on domestic violence was on implementing measures based on prevention, protection and...