The principles of Islam that can be applied to improve the situation.
The ethical issue in this study case are rogue security guard who shot bank officer Norazita Abu Bakar dead before running away with RM450, 000 from the Ambank branch in Subang Jaya has been arrested in Johor this morning.
There are three ethical issues can be highlighted from this case which is:
iii. Using of fake identity
All of these ethical issues will be discussed briefly one by one including the principles of Islam which can be applied to improve the situation.
i. The laws of murder in Islam.
In Islamic law, killing someone without any valid reason which enables him to kill is strictly prohibited. The Glorious Qur'an has condemns the killing of humans (except in the case of defense or as capital punishment). Allah S.W.T. went even further, making unlawful killing of a single individual human being equal to mass murder of the whole of mankind:
"Because of that, We ordained for the children of Israel that if anyone killed a person not in retaliation for murder or for spreading mischief on earth, it would be as if he killed all mankind. And who saved a life; it would be as if he saved all mankind." (The Noble Quran: Surah Al-Maidah, 5:32)
However, in general, Islamic law calls for murderers to face the death penalty. However, the victim's heirs may choose to excuse the murderer from the death penalty in exchange for monetary damages. The murderer will still be sentenced by a judge, possibly to a lengthy prison term, but the death penalty will be taken off the table.
This principle is known as Diyyah, which is unfortunately known in English as "blood money." It is more appropriately referred to as "victim's compensation." While most commonly associated with death penalty cases, Diyyah payments can also be made for lesser crimes, and for other acts of negligence (ex. falling asleep at the wheel of a car and causing an accident). This concept is similar to the practice in many Western courts, where the state prosecutor files a criminal case against the defendant, but the victim or family members may also sue in civil court for damages. However, in Islamic law if the victim or victim's representatives accept monetary payment, it is considered an act of forgiveness which in turn lessens the criminal penalty.
In the Gloriuos Quran, Diyyah is encouraged as a matter of forgiveness and to release people from the desire for vengeance. The Quran says:
“O you who have believed, prescribed for you is legal retribution for those murdered - the free for the free, the slave for the slave, and the female for the female. But whoever overlooks from his brother anything, then there should be a suitable follow-up and payment to him with good conduct. This is an alleviation from your Lord and a mercy. But whoever transgresses after that will have a painful punishment. And there is for you in legal retribution [saving of] life, O you [people] of understanding, that you may...