This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Use Of Oral Sources Essay

2023 words - 8 pages

I, like many others, learnt about the history of my family through chatting with those who remembered them, hearing the stories of the good old days, and discovering the significant events that shaped my families’ lives. I caught the gossip and even learnt the songs they sang as they shared in jollification and other family customs, all from the memories of those who were there. This provided answers, gave me a sense of belonging and anecdotes I can pass down for generations. Family history gives a strong sense of a much longer lifespan and will survive beyond death. Oral history can be defined as a systematic process by which an individual’s memories or eyewitness accounts of the past are collected and the process recorded and analyzed to provide answers or incite for questions written sources left unanswered. Records have shown that the use of oral evidence dates back as far as Herodotus who was considered the father of history. It showed that he relied a great deal on eyewitness accounts to tell the stories of the Peloponnesian war, and before the art of writing became the norm, even when written evidence was available, historians also relied on witnesses’ accounts to help them reconstruct the past and enhance the written records (Ritchie) . The use of Oral history experienced a resurgence when it was made easier by the invention of recording equipment. The use of oral sources continues to be a legitimate informant of historical evidence, providing eyewitness accounts, and valuable insight enhancing the formal written records.
In opposition to the 'History from Above' promoted by historians like Leopold von Ranke, who concentrated solely on writing the stories of political, social, and religious elites, History from Below began, and focused on recording the history of common people. It is a history concerned with the experiences, ideas, and lives of those people, and groups that were neglected by the previous historians. It focuses on the working class, women and minority groups. It can be regarded as an attempt to make the writings of history more accurate and complete. It explores the lives of the underclass groups, unprivileged individuals, seek to investigate new sources and reinterpret the way history was previously written. However, the main problem identified with writing History from Below is the absence of written sources. As the records pertaining to these individuals or groups, who were not considered to be a part of the upper echelon of society, were either produced by the elites, or these individuals had little or no documented history available. As a result, the use of Oral history was a significant tool in recording the stories these people previously omitted, giving a more inclusive and accurate picture of history. This is also the observations of Commager who viewed “the history records as being distorted and lopsided as a result of knowing so much about European people’s way of life and writing it,...

Find Another Essay On The Use of Oral Sources

What does ‘oral history’ entail, and what use can it be to the agendas of anthropologists, or historians or archaeologists?

2143 words - 9 pages What does ‘oral history’ entail, and what use can it be to the agendas of anthropologists, or historians or archaeologists? Rowse states that ‘human society, its story and how it has come to be what it is, is due to the factors that operate in them’ (Rowse, 1963). This is especially true when looking at history from an oral historian’s perspective. Oral history has always been a topic open to much debate – whether or not it is a method worthy

Energy sources of the Future Essay

943 words - 4 pages “We won’t have a society if we destroy the environment”- Margaret Mead. As the world’s population rapidly grows, alternative energy sources are essential to the vigor of our environment. Coal, oil, and natural gas are the most used sources of energy today. But according to Energy News “Our current rate of fossil fuel usage will lead to an energy crisis this century. In order to survive the energy crisis, many companies in the energy industry are

The Sources of Market Failure

1319 words - 5 pages The Sources of Market Failure Market failure is a situation in the free Market system that prevents the most efficient allocation of economic resources. An optimum allocation of resources is said to exist when it is impossible to make on e member of society better off without making at least one member of society worse off by reallocation the resources to produce a different range of goods and services. Market failure

The Sources of Self-Control

1298 words - 6 pages train the child to perform antisocial behaviors,” and that “the use of coercion is at times positively rewarded” (Lilly et al., p. 396). Coercion, argues Patterson, “is reinforcing because it enables the child to stop other family members from employing “aversive behaviors,” such as hitting, against them” (Lilly et al., p. 396). As a result of the coercion, a child may start to employ controlling tactics toward others, including their own family

The Meaning and Implication of Oral History

3290 words - 13 pages histories and to give them a central place in it. This sharing of authority and incorporation of commoners requires that the information be handled responsibly. In this respect an oral historian faces similar challenges than a historian who analyzes written documents. Both have to be sensitive in regards to their sources and consider who is speaking, what the people or documents reveal and what the historical context was under which the records were

The Role of Alternate Sources of Energy

1405 words - 6 pages non-polluting, so the environment does not get destroyed as well as the health of humans are not as risk. Some sources may also be non-costly, and only use a friction of large areas of land (wind turbines). The negative impact of using wind turbines are that in order to have space for wind turbines, forests are cut down, so the environment is harmed. Another negative effect is the plentiful number of bird deaths dues t moving turbines. When

"With Reference to Primary and Secondary Sources, Critically Analyse the Reasons for the use of the Atomic Bomb on Japan in 1945"

2765 words - 11 pages EssayLike many of the important decisions of the twentieth century, the dropping of the atomic bomb onto the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki has been well documented, along with the decision process and the effort to create such a weapon; the Manhattan Project. What makes the use of the atomic bomb so profound in its individuality is the fact that a lot of the information used to convey persuasions and to base theories is quite shallow

The Sultanate of Oman on Energy Sources

1416 words - 6 pages , the capacity of the wind system will be 3% of the total capacity of Salalah power system. The highest wind speed recorded was in Thumrait and the Quiroon Hariti area which makes it the perfect place to build a wind farm project and here is a picture of the area showing how the hills are clear and allows wind passing freely. Oman is a country with many renewable energy sources, it can easily be found all across country, high solar energy density can be found practically everywhere in the country. So hopefully in the upcoming years there shall be many project to use this renewable energy sources and cause less harm to the environment.

Paper for my health class assessing the use of medical marijuana. I received an A on this paper. My sources are listed at the end

1425 words - 6 pages light on the use of marijuana.Marijuana is scientifically known as cannabis sativa. It goes by the aliases of Pot, Dope, Grass, Weed, Hemp, Chronic, Reefer, and many other street names. Marijuana that people smoke or eat comes from the plant cannabis sativa and is dried and then shredded, ground, or rolled. People then smoke the dry substance rolled in paper; marijuana can also be added to food and have the effect of getting you high.Depending on

The 5 Basic Sources of Law

1033 words - 5 pages In the U.S law there are five basic sources of law, which will be discussed in this context. The primary sources of the American law are constitutional law, administrative law, common law, statutory law and treaties. “Most U.S. law consists primarily of state law, which can and does vary greatly from one state to the next”(Boundless). The U.S law derived from the English law, but has separated away from it and has incorporated a number of

Sources of Data in The Golden Bough

1949 words - 8 pages "The Golden Bough: A study in Religion and Magic"By: James George FrazerArea of interest: Sources of DataTo begin with, Sir James Frazer's The Golden Bough: A Study in Religion and Magic is a famous landmark work of ethnography, anthropology and literary analysis regarding human, religious and cultural traditions.The Golden Bough was both scandalous and widely read when it was first published 1890, largely because it spoke frankly about the

Similar Essays

The Use Of Primary Sources In Teaching

1431 words - 6 pages Primary sources are materials that come directly from the person or event of record. Such sources could include journals, documents, letter, diaries, memoirs or artifacts. Teaching is made easier with primary sources because students are able to relate to the topic through original visual and audio cues. Primary sources are used to teach virtually any subject from history to science, and even mathematics. It is simple to find and use primary

The Use Of Secondary Sources In Bram Stoker's "Dracula"

648 words - 3 pages had it been told by narration. A good example stated in the secondary source I used, “Use of the Diary Form Narrative in the Novel Dracula,” that I wouldn’t have thought of is it allowed the readers to talk to themselves. The author of the essay quoted from the book where characters who were writing in their journal would say, “I must ask the count about this.” The use of secondary sources also let the reader get an in depth feel for every

The Sources Of Finance Essay

3593 words - 15 pages Critically elucidate the sources of finance. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of them? Introduction All businesses need finance to fund business activity. This includes Starting up a business, e.g. pay for premises, new equipment; run the business, e.g. having enough cash to pay staff wages and suppliers on time or expand the business, e.g. having funds to pay for a new branch. Whatever the purpose, choosing the right source of

Sources Of The Law Essay

1107 words - 5 pages Law, according to Sir John Salmond is “the body of principles recognised and applied by the state in the administration of justice”. Where does law come from? The law has numerous sources and the English legal system adopts the rules derived from these various sources to form the law. Sources of law include common law and equity, legislation, and international conventions such as the European Convention of Human Rights (ECHR). It must be noted