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Malaria Disease And Hepatitis C Essay

633 words - 3 pages

Malaria is a common disease in a hot tropical area and it affects about 300 million people worldwide. There are four types of parasites that cause malaria in humans. Among the types of species Plasmodium falciparum is most common in Africa region and it can cause deadly form of disease. The Plasmodium vivax which is the second type of species is not life-threatening form of malaria. Plasmodium ovale also causes malaria. The system malaria affect most is the immune system. Malaria undergoes a complex life cycle, which involves two separate asexual reproductive stages in the vertebrate host which include humans and sexual reproduction as well as multiplication in the insect vector of all human.

Structure
In terms of structure, most of the infectious stages of Plasmodium consist of nucleuses which consist of a DNA. DNA is a genetic cells material of a mitochondrion that is used for respiration and thus producing the energy for the cell to moving proteins and other molecules which is an organ that is unique to this group of single celled parasites which is thought to be implicated in the invasion of host cells..

Function
Inside a human red blood cell, the malaria parasite both hides from the immune system fuels its own growth by digesting hemoglobin, the cell’s main protein. The parasite, obtain additional nutrients from the bloodstream via tiny pores in the cell membrane.

(A) Hepatitis C is a blood-borne virus that infects the liver. Hepatitis C virus enters the liver
Cells and multiplies itself which then infect more cells. Hepatitis C can be acute or chronic. When it is chronic, it damages the liver and lead to scarring of the liver, liver disease and liver cancer. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) affects a number of other areas of the body such as the digestive system, the lymphatic system, the immune system and the brain.

Structure
Once infected with hepatitis C, the immune system begins...

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