Malaria Falciparum Malaria Essay

1222 words - 5 pages

The most common strain of malaria, falciparum malaria, must be treated in the hospital since it is considered a medical emergency. The mode of treatment including the type of drugs administered depends on the severity of the disease and the place in which the malaria was contracted. The basic treatment for all strains of malaria (except falciparum) is normally chloroquine, which is administered for 3 days by mouth. Since most falciparum strains are resistant to chloroquine, a combination of tetracycline and quinine is normally used to treat them. Other treatments for falciparum malaria include clindamycin, Lariam, and sulfadoxone drugs (Tran, Odle, & Frey, 2004). In most cases, malaria patients receive antibiotics for a period of seven days while those with serious infections may require intravenous IV malaria treatment and intensive care for the first 3 days.
Future treatment of malaria will incorporate development and use of natural compounds in the fight against the disease. Since most cases of malaria occur in poverty-stricken third world countries, various researches are being carried out on naturally occurring plant extracts to find natural remedies for these areas. For instance, various studies have shown that a combination of flavanoids and arteminisinin compounds that occur in the leaves of Artemisia annua will provide future traditional remedies for malaria (Glover, 2011). Even though there is no malaria vaccine currently, various breakthroughs have been made by scientists. The technicality that is normally experienced during the research for a viable malaria vaccine is due to the complicated life cycle of malaria parasites. However, by 2015, the World Health Organization may approve a new vaccine (RTS, S/AS01) for use. This will be a major health boost especially in areas prone to malaria, such as sub-Saharan Africa.
The development and staging of malaria normally occurs in four primary stages. The first one, the pre-patent stage, is the period linking sporozoite inoculations and the manifestation of parasites in human blood. This is followed by the incubation stage, which is the period linking the sporozoite inoculations to the emergence of signs and symptoms. The next two levels include prodromal and paroxysmal stages (Steury, 2013). The signs and symptoms of malaria appear during the prodromal stage. This is characterized by the general flulike symptoms, which include low-grade fever, headache, anorexia, muscle pain, and nausea. The principal symptom of all strains of the disease is malaria ague, which includes chills and fever, and corresponds to the dawn of the new-fangled generation of the plasmodium. Most of the time, the fever comes in three phases, starting with irrepressible shivering for about an hour. This is then followed by a speedy rise in body temperature for about 3 to 6 hours, after which the victim begins to sweat copiously, which is aimed at bringing down the fever (Tran, Odle, & Frey, 2004). Apart from severe...

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