Malaria In Zambia Essay

996 words - 4 pages

Handing the underweight two-year old back to her mother, the clinic nurse turned to the battered register and wrote: malaria. When they arrived at Lusuntha clinic on the eastern border of Zambia earlier that morning, the mother explained that the child had spent three days suffering from diarrhea. Lethargic and miserable, she looked like she was on the verge of tears but her body, so extremely dehydrated, probably didn’t have any left. The nurse turned to me and asked me to hand her a regimen of Coartem – the World Health Organization’s “Essential Medicine” used to treat malaria. Throughout my Peace Corps service, I became close to the patient’s family and saw members washing, playing and drawing water from the same low-lying stream that became stagnant with the dry season. Malaria was certainly a possibility, but the nurse’s diagnosis seemed automatic and predetermined, as if she knew what the child had before even stepping into the room. To be fair, it wasn’t her fault: even if she wanted to test for malaria, the clinic didn’t have testing kits – they ran out nearly three months earlier. She did the only thing she could: treat yet another suspected case.

In remote Zambian villages, malaria does not necessarily refer to the specific mosquito-borne disease. Children, adults and even community health workers nowadays refer to malaria as anything that involves diarrhea, fever and body aches. Problem is: most diseases in rural Zambia involve diarrhea, fever and body aches. And when clinic staff diagnose (or patients self-diagnose) cases of malaria that aren’t really malaria – the actual infection goes untreated, increasing its potential severity and infectivity.

During the rainy season, the recorded number of malaria cases rises dramatically. This makes sense: mosquitoes carry the disease from person to person and they also breed in shallow pools of water. More water means more mosquitoes and more mosquitoes means more malaria. But many other diseases also find opportunity in a wet environment. Rains wash human excrement and other disease vectors from higher grounds into unprotected water sources, putting nearby villages at risk for cholera and typhoid. Poorly ventilated structures become stagnate with mildew and moisture – increasing risk for pneumonia and other respiratory infections.

Zambia receives significantly more donor support for medication than it does for testing kits, so clinics’ medicinal supplies often outlast diagnostic. As a result, clinicians and nurses frequently rely on their own judgment to identify malaria cases. In 2009, routine health data from the Ministry of Health established that roughly only one in three cases were tested and confirmed – the rest were diagnosed, and treated, symptomatically. Bydon Tembo, the health officer in charge of the Lusuntha clinic, told me that he is aware that he misdiagnoses cases of malaria. But, again, there’s little he can do without the testing kits. Prescribing Coartem for a case...

Find Another Essay On Malaria in Zambia

Roll Back Malaria Essay

2700 words - 11 pages UNICEF global malaria database 2010, shows that <10% of households in Nigeria have at least one insecticide treated net, compared to other African countries like Zambia, Senegal and Sao Tome & Principe where figures stands above 60% (UNICEF 2010). Of the 350 million ITN’s required to ensure universal coverage, nearly 200 million were delivered to African countries from 2007 – 2009, meaning that enough nets have been delivered to protect more than

Nursing Education in Mozambique Essay

1717 words - 7 pages Introduction: Mozambique & Why you selected it. Mozambique is a very interesting country. Many tourists have described Mozambique as a concealed paradise with its clean beautiful beaches and generous hospitality. However, this country is considered one of the poorest countries in the world. Many people are dying daily from infectious diseases such as malaria which is disheartening since it can be prevented. Factors such as the government, health

Poverty and Corruption: Why African Foreign Aid Needs to Change

1685 words - 7 pages regarded as one of the most ”productive” developmental economists. Dambisa Moyo is the biggest opponent of Foreign aid. She is an economist and a writer on world poverty, most specifically in her home continent of Africa. Her most famous book, Dead Aid: Why Aid Is Not Working and How There Is a Better Way for Africa, goes into detail about the corruption and uselessness of government aid. Born in Zambia, Moyo moved to the United States due to the

Free the Children

2016 words - 9 pages consultations • delivered 110,000 babies • recovered 1.1 million people for malaria • recovered 200,000 malnourished children • provided 165,000 people with antiretroviral therapy living with HIV/AIDS • provided vaccination to 7.9 million people for meningitis • performed 50,000 surgeries History of the organization This organization is founded by Bernard Kouchner in 1971 in France. In 1975, it established its first large scale program during the

Description of Genetically Modified Organisms

2169 words - 9 pages from countries that use genetically modified foods such as the United States. In 2002, the United States sent emergency food aid to many southern Africa countries in response to their food crisis caused by drought that year. One of the receiving countries, Zambia, refused the assistance. They were concerned with two things. One was the possible health risks to their people. The concern was based on the fact that the Zambian diet consists mostly of


2509 words - 11 pages should strengthen improvements in the control of medical conditions such as HIV and malaria which have been associated with an increased cases of depressive disorders. Malawi government must continue with the scaling up of the provision of free antiretroviral drugs (ARVS) to the public and improve quality of care for patients with HIV infection. This will stop the progression of simple conditions to severe cases of neurologic and mental diseases

Personal project

2232 words - 9 pages , the first European to discover the falls was a Scottish explorer named David Livingstone. He discovered the waterfalls in 1885 and named it the Victoria Falls after Queen Victoria. Soon after Livingstone’s discovery of the Victoria Falls, Anglo traders set up a trading settlement along the riverbank, creating the Victoria Falls town called Old Drift.Old Dirft was later moved to the present day town, Livingstone in Zambia. In 1905, the famous

The Importance of Human Rights Education

1759 words - 7 pages world. Africa will only begin to “rise from the ashes” when awareness is made and communicated through the media. The Republic of Zimbabwe is located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers. The capital is Harare. It is bordered by South Africa to the south, Botswana to the southwest, Zambia to the northwest and Mozambique to the east. Zimbabwe has a rich history, not only of attainment, innovation, co-operation and economic

Genetically Modified Food (GMF)

1361 words - 6 pages alfalfa. For instance, Malaria and position plants, they are neutral and have one said which is bad. Comparing with alfalfa which has a good and bad effect in the same time. Also, the consumers will be satisfied because they will find a good price that maybe lower than the original foods all what they need with a good price. Monsanto can attract a lot of consumers by putting labels in it is product. These labels can change consumers’ attitude. Huffman

Christianity: Biography of David Livingstone

1442 words - 6 pages to Africa. He also worked with the government to get around the slave trade that was so prominent. However, his expedition with a British team did not fare well at all. One of the only positives is that he found a life long friend in a slave he freed, named Chuma. His wife later joined him in 1862. However, she contracted malaria and later died. Though David Livingstone was sad this did not stop him from his exploration. He continued on even

Diffusion of New Information Technologies

2650 words - 11 pages cultural authority allies than produced in the article that focuses on Roger’s model and its application to malaria prevention in a rural community in Zambia, Central Africa (Steury, 2013). In this model, the five levels of individual receptiveness are most effectively used to educate proper protections against mosquitos and the malaria they carry. By following the teachings of a person of great value and respect the Diffusion of Innovations

Similar Essays

Malaria Falciparum Malaria Essay

1222 words - 5 pages infected individual then passes the illness on to the next person via the same means. However, there is also a possibility of spreading the disease via infected needles or through transfusion of blood. Works Cited Glover, H. (2011). Natural compounds: the future of anti-malarial treatment. Retrieved from Steury, E. E. (2013). Malaria prevention in Zambia: A practical


2120 words - 8 pages providing scholarships to people, who cannot pay for their study and making donations to several schools. Consequently, the aim of the education programs is to give proper education to each child in Zambia. Furthermore, Zambian government is trying to provide everyone with clean water. This development has a very high priority in the development of the country. It is known fact that Zambians suffer from diseases such as: HIV, AIDS and malaria. AIDS

Malaria In Africa And Its Effects

2762 words - 11 pages distribution of mosquito-insecticide nets. However it conjointly said that in 2009 three African countries that is Zambia, Sao Tome and Principe Island, and Rwanda - observed a renewal in malaria cases, which in turn demonstrated what the report proclaimed about certain malaria cases going unreported due to reasons like corruption amongst governments (Crompton & Peters, 2010). According to a survey conducted by an aid group of doctors on

Malaria And The Problem Of Global Justice By Thomas Nagel

3025 words - 12 pages example, a nationwide health survey held within Zambia, a country in Africa, in 2005 concluded that “for every thousand children under age five living in [Zambia’s] North-Western Province, there were 1,353 cases of malaria...[establishing] an annual rate of more than 100 percent…mean[ing] many children are infected with malaria more than once a year” in these countries (National Geographic). Allocating resources to care for these children takes