“By education I mean an all-round drawing out of the best in child and man’s body, mind and spirit.”
The quote above shows how Mahatma Gandhi emphasizes on all-rounded education. An all-rounded education will only be the reality if the education system fits all the development of the students. Every country in the world is competing with each other to produce the perfect curriculum to prepare their citizens in this modern world. Malaysia is also one of the developing countries which are very concerned about the education system in the country. Australia is another country which is always being compared with the world-class education system. In this essay, we will discuss about the education system from kindergarten until secondary education in Malaysia and Australia and the compare and contrast of the two countries’ education systems.
2.0 Malaysian Education System
Malaysia consists of Peninsular Malaysia, Sarawak and Sabah. In Malaysia, all the education system is under the control of government. This central curriculum makes every states and territory having the same curriculum, age to go to school and others. In Malaysia, there are five phrases of education which are preschool, primary, secondary schools and tertiary education (Malaysian Education Blueprint 2013-2025). However, in this essay, we are touching only until secondary education.
Preschool education in Malaysia takes the children from 4 to 6 years old. The concept of the preschool education is to provide learning experience in 2 years before entering Year 1. There are two types of preschool education which are public and private kindergarten. Preschool are not compulsory government of Malaysia is encouraging the entrance into preschool before stepping into primary school (Preschool Malaysia, 2007).
According to Choong (2011), primary schooling takes up 6 years that is from Year 1 until Year 6. Primary schooling is compulsory started from 2003. Parents who are not sending their children to school will be fined heavily. The primary school is based on automatic promotion. Primary schools are classified as national (using Malay as the medium of instruction) and national-type (using Chinese and Tamil as the medium of instruction) (Sharifah Maimunah & Lewin, 1991). All types of primary school are using the new curriculum that is Standard Curriculum for Primary School (KSSR) starting in 2011 (Malaysian Education Blueprint, 2013-2025). The curriculum emphasises of basic literacy in Malay, English and basic numeracy in mathematics. Students will be assessment by school-based assessment and centralised examination under the curriculum of KSSR at the end of the primary education (Malaysian Education Blueprint 2013-2025).
After completing their primary schooling, students have the opportunity to further their studies in secondary school. Secondary education is divided into two stages which are lower secondary education (Form 1 until Form 3) and...