The Malaysian electoral process has been heavily debated about for the past few years. Many have pointed out flaws in the system and have demanded immediate changes to provide a fairer playing field for all political candidates.
One of the problems of the electoral system is the additional challenges non-government candidates face due to lack of political freedom (“The electoral process”, n.d.) This turns any political contest unequal and unfair because the opposition parties are not given equal chances like the in-ruling parties do. This is seen in the lack of media access other candidates have against the ruling government (“8 demands”, n.d.).
Currently, there is a lack of confidence in ...view middle of the document...
MIMOS’s findings show that a total of 10,000 voters are registered under same addresses (Palani, 2013). This raises suspicions whether those voters are genuine.
Another issue within the electoral system is Gerrymandering. Since the EC is in charge of setting the drawing the electoral boundaries, there have been complaints of the EC misusing their responsibility to manipulate the electoral polls. The EC are accused of changing the electoral boundaries so that the elections would lean more in favor of certain political parties.
Besides that, there exists cases of voters with similar names and date of births appearing in the electoral roll (Ong, 2012). It might be possible that they are given more than one IC to cast their votes (Ong, 2012). In an example by Ong (2012), in the 2008 elections in Terengganu there were 369 "Fatimah binti Ismails”, of which 10 pairs had same or similar birth dates.
The next problem in the electoral system is the irregularities in the gender shown by the IC number and EC data (Ong, 2012). Males will have an identity card with an ending of odd number while females will have even numbers (Ong, 2012).For example, in the 2011 electoral roll there are 15,855 voters whose IC number indicate a different gender than the one recorded by the EC (Ong, 2012).
Lastly, there exists the risk of voters using the identity of dead voters to cast their votes (Ong, 2012). During the 2011 electoral roll, 65,543 voters were registered as 85 years old and above; 1,000 voters aged 100 and more and 19 voters said to be born before 1900 (Ong,2012). This does not mean that all of these voters are fraudulent but somehow, there are dead voters whose names have not been removed from the electoral roll (Ong, 2012).
Ahmad, R. (2012, October 20). Malaysians can apply to vote by post from November onwards. The Star Online. Retrieved from...