Malcolm X is considered one of the greatest civil rights activists in history. He was known for his somewhat violent message of blacks defending themselves. Despite his original message, he eventually became more peaceful toward whites. However, as his legacy was just beginning to change things for the good, he was abruptly killed by gunmen. Due to his indecisiveness and early death, Malcolm X had a great, yet inadequate impact on the civil rights movement.
Malcolm little was born on May 19, 1925, in Omaha, Nebraska, the son of Louise and Earl Little. In 1929 their house was firebombed by racists while the whole Little family was in the house. It was night and all of them were sleeping. Probably these racists were Ku-Klux-Klan members. The incoming police and firemen didn’t even try to save the house and all of them watched the house burning down. After all that the police arrested Earl Little on suspicion of arson and for carrying a revolver without permit. Earl and Louise Little were followers of Marcus Garvey. He fought for racial separation and more power for blacks. Therefore he founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA), the largest black movement to date.
“At no point in his life could Malcolm cease struggling” (Frady 3). “Malcolm was very systematic and disciplined with tasks he enjoyed doing even at an early age” (Roedmeir 2). However, he began to have troubles in school. He knew there were things he couldn’t do because he was black. This brought him to the streets. Later on, Malcolm was sent to prison.
In prison he learned of the Islamic religion and studied the teachings of Elijah Muhammad. Malcolm was released from prison in 1952. “He never forgave society for what had happened to him” (Frady 3). “Malcolm was formally accepted into the nation of Islam and received his ‘X’” (Davies 56). “The ‘X’ replaced Little, the name his white slave masters had given his ancestors” (Davies 56). “Malcolm later became suspicious when he discovered Muhammad having children with several black women who he didn’t take care of” (Boese 4).
“On March 8, 1964, Malcolm X announced his break with the Nation of Islam” (Time-Life Books 231). A pilgrimage to Mecca had softened his views and caused him to change his name to El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz. “Pilgrims from all races prayed together peacefully, from blue-eyed blondes to black-skinned Africans” (Boese 5). Malcolm had learned that all white people were not racist. “Malcolm formed his own Islamic community, the Muslim Mosque, Inc” (Time-Life Books 231). He attracted national attention.
“With rumors and death threats flying, Malcolm X began keeping a loaded gun for self-defense” (Myers 170). “Although he kept it from his daughters, Malcolm would not harm my family” (Corey 3). “Initially, he asked his wife not to attend his speech at the Audubon Ballroom in Harlem on February 21, 1965” (Corey 3). A week before Malcolm was killed, his house...