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Malcolm X And Civil Rights Movements

1185 words - 5 pages

After the banning of slavery in 1865, African-Americans in the United States became hopeful for the future because they were no longer held as slaves and now had the freedom to live their own lives. However, instead of getting the freedom and equality that they expected, people of color were still being discriminated against all over the country. Hate groups and white supremacist groups were arguing against their equal treatment, and a lot of black people lived in constant fear for their lives, especially in rural southern areas where the Ku Klux Klan and other hate groups were popular to be in. It was a very dangerous time for colored people both in the North and the South despite the progressive movements taking place, and Malcolm X was a victim of these times, and therefore he was the perfect face for the Civil Rights Movement.
Malcolm X was born and raised for a short while in Nebraska, in a simple family that didn’t harm anyone. His mother was a stay-at-home mom who was constantly watching him and his seven siblings. His father was a community leader who protested inequality against black people at the local church, and who had a lot of black followers because of his activism. However, they were in constant danger of being hurt by a local hate crime organization called the Black Legion, that threatened to kill them if they didn’t stop their activism. because of the BLack Legion, Malcolm’s family was forced to move multiple times before they settled in Michigan Unfortunately, their home was burned and two years later, the father was killed.
The mother went to the police but they called it an ‘accident’. This was because in that time, black people had no friends in the legal system. They were constantly doubted and tied to crimes even if it wasn’t their faults. And when crimes were committed against them they were often told that it was accidents because no one wanted to help them. Because of all of this stuff, Malcolm’s mother went crazy and was sent to a mental hospital, and after that Malcolm and all his siblings went into foster care.
After being in a lot of foster families, Malcolm and a friend of his moved to Boston, where he was arrested for burglary charges. After serving seven years in jail, Malcolm began exploring the Muslim religion after his brother began talking about his conversion. Malcolm’s brother belonged to a religious organization called the Nation of Islam, (NOI), led by a big religious leader at the time, Elijah Muhammad. Malcolm X started studying the teachings of Muhammad and found that what he was saying about equality and brotherhood really sounded good and fitting for the movements at the time.
Getting more familiar with the Muslim religion made Malcolm X see the error of his ways, and he began to preach for equality, since his mentor taught him that all were equal under Allah. He was charismatic and educated, and people followed him as a religious leader and as a civil rights activist. Part of the goal of the NOI...

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