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Malcolm X Essay

1831 words - 7 pages

Racial discrimination and segregation has been part of American history since the day Europeans set foot on western lands and claimed them as their own. All who were not of white ancestry were thought to be inferior and were treated in an inhumane manner. This type of division amongst human beings can still be seen in some parts of the world today. The Civil Rights movement was therefore created to fight for the rights of black Americans and speak for those who had no voice. One part of this movement was Malcolm X. Though Malcolm X was striving for the rise of the black race in the United States, unlike the movement, he did not believe in equality nor did he believe that the fight could remain nonviolent. Yet, he was a great leader whose actions made a great impact on American history and played a big role in the American way of life. This is so because, in the long run, his speeches brought respect for blacks and pride to those who were African descendants. Not only did he speak the minds of millions of blacks and some whites around the nation, he also gave them courage to defend themselves and stand up for what they believe in. Furthermore, he created awareness of the negative effects that racial discrimination had in the world.He was a son of two active black nationalists who followed the teachings of Marcus Garvey, the most influential pan-Africanist of the early twentieth century. His farther Earl Little had very little formal education and, growing up, he worked mostly on his father's farm. His mother Louise Little was biracial with a white father. On May 19, 1925, Malcolm Little was born with blue-green eyes and light red hair, the baby out of five children. Earl was the president of the Omaha chapter of the UINA (Universal Negro Improvement Association). This made him susceptible to attacks by infuriated whites in the area including the Ku Klux Klan. The Littles decided to move to East Lansing when their house was fire bombed. There, Malcolm spent most of his childhood days. He also accompanied his father to Garveyite meetings and listened to his speeches. Unfortunately, in 1931, Earl died run over by a streetcar leaving Louise with five children to feed all by herself. After this incident, their living conditions kept on getting worse and Louise was being pressured to put her children in foster homes, which she ended up doing. Later, in 1939, she was committed to a state mental hospital in Kalamazoo, Michigan, where she remained for twenty-five years.Malcolm was placed in an Ingam County juvenile in Mason, Michigan. He worked hard and was obtaining good results in school. Seeing this made his half sister Ella proud when she came to visit him. However, his attitude towards education changed drastically after being discouraged from pursuing his dream of being a lawyer by his teacher. He asked his sister Ella if he could move to Boston and live with her. Once in Boston, he started living the street life. He started wearing fashionable...

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