Malcolm X Civil Rights Activist Essay

1551 words - 6 pages

Malcolm X was the leader of the Afro-American Unity. The Afro-American Unity was an organization that fought for black rights by using the armed forces as self-defense. They also used riots and violence to fight for their equality rights. Malcolm was also a big influence on the Black Panther Party. The Black Panther Party was established by Huey P. Newton, but said that Malcolm was a big influence on him to start the organization. They liked to use a lot of Malcolm’s speeches, and quote them for their slogans. Malcolm X had a big impact on the Civil Rights Movement altogether.
Malcolm X’s real name was Malcolm Little, and he was born on May 19, 1925. He was born in Omaha, Nebraska. His mother’s name was Louis Norton Little. She was a homemaker with eight children to support regularly. He was the son of a Baptist minister named Earl Little. Malcolm’s father followed the teachings of Marcus Garvey. He was a black militant leader. Because of his father being a civil rights activist, their family got a lot of death threats from a white supremacist group called, “Black Legion.” Because of these death threats it conscripted Malcolm and his family to move away two times before he turned four years old. No matter how hard they tried to get away from the Black Legion; they never could. The Legion burnt their house down while they lived in Lansing, Michigan. Two years after their house was burnt to the ground the police found Earl’s dead body on the trolley tracks. When the police documented the reports they wrote them down as just being accidents, but the Little’s had it set in their minds that is was the Black Legion responsible for both occurrences. After the incidents it was too much for Malcolm’s mother to handle, so she suffered an emotional depression and was sent to a mental institute. After he lost his mother, him and his siblings were split up and sent to different foster homes. In 1946 Malcolm X was tried and convicted of burglary charges, and was sent to prison. While in prison, he studied and learned the teachings of Elijah Muhammad, who was the leader of Islam. Some of the things that Malcolm learned from Elijah were that the people that were descendants of Americans were devils. Malcolm said that Elijah was one of his biggest inspirations. And after educating himself for a while, he started calling himself Malcolm X, instead of Malcolm Little. The X stood for the identity that got taken away from him being an African American during slavery and discrimination. He was in prison for six years before they finally released him. That is when he moved to Harlem, New York. While in New York he became a minister of the Nation of Islam.
Malcolm X was a black civil rights activist. He used a lot of violence to try and get the African Americans equal rights. The tactics that Malcolm liked to use to get his point across was starting riots and giving very intense speeches promoting violent behavior to stop racism. He would say in his speeches that the...

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