Malcolm X’s Strategies For Freedom Essay

1196 words - 5 pages

Throughout history, America has had many great role models and historical figures. The list is endless ranging from great presidents like George Washington to Civil Rights activists such as Martin Luther King Jr. However, one historical figure seems to stand out above all of the rest. Malcolm Little, also known as Malcolm X, was a civil rights icon that is credited for being an important part of African American History. Malcolm X’s strategies for civil rights equality include Black Nationalism, public influences, and political views.
Black Nationalism played a very large part in the way Malcolm X organized and strategized his tactics. After joining the Nation of Islam in prison, Malcolm X made good use of the prison library. He educated himself so that he would be knowledgeable of Elijah Muhammad’s teachings (Benson, Brannen, and Valentine 949). Malcolm X’s message for many whites was located in the conversation from militant black separatism multicultural universalism (Baker 239). After leaving the Nation of Islam Malcolm X did not desert all of his Black Nationalists convictions. He still talked about black-sponsored business ventures, African American-run schools, and a cultural renewal of African American communities (Benson, Brannen, and Valentine 949). Malcolm X traveled to the Holy City of Mecca and throughout North Africa. He discovered Orthodox Islam and changed his views greatly (Benson, Brannen, and Valentine 949). The Middle East and Africa experiences greatly broadened Malcolm’s mind (Baker 239). His limited vocabulary of Black Nationalism was insufficient to address the challenges he so clearly saw when confronting Africa (Baker 239). Black Nationalism was a huge part of Malcolm’s beliefs and strategies and they influenced America greatly.
Malcolm X was not just a great speaker; he influenced and encouraged the African American public. Malcolm had gained public speaking abilities, while in prison, which attracted many young followers to the Nation of Islam (Benson, Brannen, and Valentine 947). Following his release from prison, Malcolm began championing black pride, opposing integration, and castigating whites as the enemy (Maga 86). Malcolm X’s appeal was his message of impatience, desperation, and violence (Maga 87). He encouraged his listeners to strike out against their white oppressors (Maga 86). Malcolm X was a fiery public speaker, urging African Americans to live separately from whites. He thought that African Americans should win their freedom “by any means necessary”(Carson). When Malcolm was released from prison he rose in the Nation of Islam. He organized mosques (Muslim places of worship) around the U.S. attracting more followers to the Nation of Islam (Benson, Brannen, and Valentine 947). Because of his organization of mosques and his speaking ability, Malcolm X became the minister of New York Mosque No. 7. Later on, this mosque became known as the largest group of Muslims in the country (Benson, Brannen, and...

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