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Malcom X Biography. Essay

1099 words - 4 pages

Malcolm X, a civil rights leader in the 1960's believed that blacks and whites should be segregated. He also believed that white men were evil and tried to brainwash all blacks and that Martin Luther King's "non-violent protests" were not working. For example, Malcolm once said, "We are nonviolent with people who are nonviolent with us," which portrays his opposition towards non-violent protests. In addition, he believed that violence was needed for a change in society. Malcolm X lived a life that involved an enormous amount of violence and with a lot of conflict. He was born under the name of Malcolm Little in Omaha, Nebraska in 1925. His father was a Baptist minister and an outspoken follower of Marcus Garvey, the Black Nationalist leader of the 1920s, who preached that all blacks should leave the US and go back to Africa.While Malcolm's father was away and his mother was pregnant with him, a group of Ku Klux Klan (KKK) members came to their house and told Mrs. Little to send out her husband. She came out of the house, stood where all the KKK could see that she was pregnant, and told them that Mr. Little was in Milwaukee preaching. The KKK was disappointed and shouted threats and told them to leave town. Shortly after, they broke every window in the house and left Mrs. Little devastated. When Mr. Little came home and heard what happened, he decided to move as soon as Malcolm was born to Lansing, Michigan. A couple years later, after the death of Malcolm's father, his mother who had to take care of eight children and endure threats from the KKK, suffered a nervous breakdown. Because of the tragedy, the welfare department took responsibility of Malcolm and his siblings.Malcolm was later enrolled in a reform school and succeeded in his academics. He was one of the best students in his class and his goal was to become a lawyer. When the school administrators heard about this, they sent a person to talk to Malcolm and convinced him that he was black and he could never become a lawyer because of it. As a result, he dropped out of school after eighth grade and moved to Boston, Massachusetts where he worked several different jobs. Soon, Malcolm became associated in a gang and sold and used drugs, and was involved in many other criminal activities. His gang "career" ended when he got into some trouble due to a bet with the gang leader. As a result, the gang wanted Malcolm killed therefore, he secluded himself from the public. Later, Malcolm decided to rob a house, which he thought had many valuables in it. Malcolm robbed the house and he was caught shortly after doing so. He was charged with burglary and sent to prison for a maximum of eight years in which he served six.Being in prison was the turning point in Malcolm's life. While in prison, Malcolm spent his time educating himself and learning more about the Nation of Islam, later known as the Black Muslims. In addition, he became interested in the teachings of Elijah Muhammad. The Nation of Islam...

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