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Malnutrion Essay

787 words - 4 pages

Bangladesh is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. It is one of the least developed countries, which are strangled by several problems of health such as water contamination and HIV aids but the most widespread health issue in Bangladesh is child malnutrition (Christian Nordqvist, 2010). Malnutrition is classified into two types, sub-nutrition and over-nutrition. Though in Bangladesh, the major concern in sub-nutrition, the status when individuals cannot utilize food they eat or are malnourished when their diet does not provide them with adequate calories and protein for maintenance and growth (Christian Nordqvist, 2010). Bangladesh is ranked 1st in child malnutrition with 41% of children in Bangladesh suffering for sub-nutrition (Guy Hubbard, 2013). The causes of such high percentage of children being malnourished in Bangladesh can be linked to three main causes, low literacy rate, geographical location of Bangladesh and the shortage of food in Bangladesh.

A large population being uneducated in Bangladesh causes malnutrition to become a more critical issue in the field of health and nutrition due to the lack of knowledge about birth contraceptives. Bangladesh has one of the lowest literacy rates in South Asia; education in Bangladesh is funded by just 2.4% of its GDP (Tradingeconomincs, 2009). In addition to that, despite education being subsidized by the government in Bangladesh, the cost of higher education is well above the average household income of people in Bangladesh (Guy Hubbard, 2013). Low literacy rate leads to child sub-nutrition in two major ways, uneducated parents are not aware of sexual contraception’s and often have several kids leading to the families income being divided by a large number of members leading to less food for each individual, the average household size in Bangladesh is 4.4 persons per family (Nisha Kumar Kulkarni, 2011). Though a more significant way is that uneducated parents have kids with a really short previous birth interval. Children born to mothers with a small previous birth interval have a greater chance of being malnourished, as seen by the study of World Health Organization.

An equally important factor in making malnutrition so widespread in Bangladesh is the geographical location of Bangladesh. Bangladesh is mainly consisting of low-laying land and is prone to flooding. The land in high risk areas are...

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