Malnutrition Essay

1439 words - 6 pages

Malnutrition is both a cause and a consequence of ill-health. The term malnutrition can apply to various states – under-nutrition, over-nutrition or deficiencies of specific nutrients (8).Malnutrition is common but under-recognised in the elderly. Clinicians are seldom taught about the subject during their undergraduate or postgraduate level.Malnutrition can lead to serious consequences in terms of morbidity and mortality (5).Undernutrition is a global problem that is usually caused by a lack of food or alimited range of foods that provide inadequate amounts of specific nutrients or other food components, e.g. protein, dietary fibre and micronutrients. Excessive intake of food or specific forms of food may also be harmful. Malnutrition among older persons can occur in economically disadvantaged groups even within privileged societies, and in pockets of poverty or social isolation. Reasons for undernutrition include decreased food availability and affordability; lack of interest or awareness affecting intake; malabsorption or increased nutrient requirements; and traditional habits or beliefs whether of the elderly or their caretakers.(2) Frail elderly people in the community, in nursing homes or in hospital are at increased risk of malnutrition. In many instances,this malnutrition, affecting health, well-being and ability to overcome disease or injury, goes unrecognised by physicians,often due to their meagre training in nutritional assessment.(4)Malnutrition is prevalent in elderly populations, even in the developed world .Among hospitalized elderly, nutritional status is even poorer. Protein-energy malnutrition has been reported in up to 15% of community-dwelling and home-bound elderly individuals, up to 62% of hospitalized elderly patients, and up to 85% of residents of nursing homes. Many studies have shown that poor nutrition leads to complications during hospitalization and increases mortality. Poor nutritional status in the elderly is associated with numerous factors, including decline in cognitive and functional status, chronic diseases, medications, poor dentition, isolation, and poverty. The nutritional status of elderly individuals is difficult to estimate. (1,3)

Nutrition-related diseases in elderly

Anemia in older persons is commonly overlooked despite mounting evidence that low hemoglobin levels are a significant marker of physiologic decline. Using the World Health Organization definition of anemia (hemoglobin level less than 13 g per dL (130 g per L) in men and less than 12 g per dL (120 g per L) in women), more than 10 percent of persons older than 65 years are anemic. The prevalence increases with age, approaching 50 percent in chronically ill patients living in nursing homes. There is increasing evidence that even mild anemia is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Anemia warrants evaluation in all older persons, except those at the end of life or who decline interventions. About one third of persons have...

Find Another Essay On Malnutrition

Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool Essay

2045 words - 8 pages This assignment will discuss a trust adapted version of the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST). It will demonstrate an understanding of theoretical knowledge used to develop the assessment tool. The assignment will focus on three components within the tool; discussing the reliability and validity when used in a clinical environment. A reflection of my own experience using the tool will be included and linked to aspects of reliability

The Elderly and Malnutrition Essay

1904 words - 8 pages The Elderly and Malnutrition         At any age, nutrition is vital to maintaining health and enhancing quality of life.  However, achieving good nutrition can be especially difficult for the elderly, the fastest growing portion of America's population.  Many factors, including physiological changes, changes in nutritional needs, illness and physical limitations, food-medication interactions, depression and loneliness, and food

Poverty, Hunger and Malnutrition

1151 words - 5 pages Poverty, Hunger and Malnutrition Every morning when I wake up the first thought in my mind is usually: FOOD! I often lie in bed for a few extra minutes, planning out what I am going to eat for breakfast. Seldom as I go through this routine do I stop to think about those who are less fortunate than me. I often take for granted that everyone wakes up and eats breakfast. But this is far from true, not everyone shares the luxuries that we have in

Battle Against Starvation and Malnutrition

1423 words - 6 pages Throughout human history there has been an ongoing battle against starvation, malnutrition, and the production, accessibility, and availability of enough food for the growing populations. Today many people, families, communities, and even entire countries struggle to maintain an adequate and fulfilling diet. The state of not having enough food for all people in a given family or community is known as food insecurity. To contrast food insecurity

Adiponectin: a Novel Indicator of Malnutrition and Inflammation in Hemodialysis Patients.

2384 words - 10 pages Objective Protein-Energy malnutrition (PEM) and inflammation are common and overlapping conditions in hemodialysis patients which are associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Adiponectin is an adipocytokine which is exclusively produced by adipose tissue. Few studies in hemodialysis patients have demonstrated that serum levels of adiponectin were significantly higher in malnourished patients compared to well-nourished ones. The

Golden Rice: The Fortified, Modified and Vilified Option for Third World Malnutrition

3251 words - 13 pages at all. In 1992, when Ingo Potrykus, one of the scientists behind golden rice decided to tackle malnutrition he chose to focus on countries where rice was the main food staple. A little over three billion people have rice as their main food source and about 10% of those are at risk of malnutrition, “deficiencies are especially severe” (Potrykus 2003), where children are raised on a diet consisting mainly of rice gruel. Portrykus’ goal with golden

Hunger and Malnutrition in the World: What Can be Done About it?

1204 words - 5 pages their rightful share of the Earth’s plentiful supply. One in every eight people in the world suffer immensely from hunger and malnutrition. One in every four of these are in Africa. There is an estimated two hundred and thirty-nine million starving men, women, and children in Africa. This number is increasing by two percent every year. These rates can be lowered, if not eliminated. It is possible for everyone to receive food. All it takes is a

Nicaragua's Contemporary Global Issue

1553 words - 6 pages Nicaragua’s Contemporary Global Issue Modernly, there are several social and environmental issues facing Nicaraguans. Pollution, civil war, and unjust poverty affect the lives of Nicaraguans everyday. Furthermore, Nicaragua is the second poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. (Malnutrition, 2011) One result of this dismal reality is that many Nicaraguans, particularly children, living in rural areas of the small Latin American country

Inadequate Nutrition on the Home Front

1665 words - 7 pages While the issue of obesity in America is taking center stage, a less conspicuous health issue of equal importance is occurring in many families throughout the country. This nutrient deficiency is known as malnutrition. Malnutrition is most abundant in families living in poverty. It has a distinct set of symptoms and can cause irreversible damage if not treated properly. Though malnutrition isn’t a lost cause, organizations such as Unicef

Malnutrion

787 words - 4 pages Bangladesh is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. It is one of the least developed countries, which are strangled by several problems of health such as water contamination and HIV aids but the most widespread health issue in Bangladesh is child malnutrition (Christian Nordqvist, 2010). Malnutrition is classified into two types, sub-nutrition and over-nutrition. Though in Bangladesh, the major concern in sub-nutrition, the

Nourishing a Child

1487 words - 6 pages The word hunger can mean the painful sensation caused by the want of food, the want or scarcity of food in a country or a strong desire or craving. In relation to the term World Hunger, the word refers to the want or scarcity of food in a country (World Hunger, 2011). In areas of the world, including the United States, where hunger is an issue, malnourishment becomes a very serious concern. Malnutrition is a very basic term referring to the

Similar Essays

Malnutrition Essay

1793 words - 7 pages Five million children die every year from malnutrition. Approximately one in eight people suffered from chronic undernourishment from 2010-2013 (“2013 World Hunger and Poverty Facts and Statistics). In Bangladesh, over half of the children under five years old are malnourished and prone to its devastating side-effects (“NEED TO KNOW- The silent epidemic of malnutrition”). Throughout history and in today’s society, malnutrition is one of the

Malnutrition Essay

1218 words - 5 pages common problem found in patients with pancreatitis is protein-calorie malnutrition (Lewis, 2007). Client was started on parenteral nutrition 6/27/08 to improve nutritional status.Client’s Anthropometric Measurements:Height- 5’4Admission weight- 54kg, 118Lbs on 7/8/08Usual body weight- 72kg, 158LbsPatient has lost 18kg or 39.6Lbs within the last six months.The following chart represents the client’s lab values, normal values, and

Malnutrition Among Elderly People Essay

2224 words - 9 pages Malnutrition Among Elderly PeopleIn almost all culture and in many continents, malnutrition is still one of the worldwide phenomenon's that demands attention. When a person thinks of the word "malnutrition", they often believe that malnutrition occurs only when a person is under nourished, usually a baby. However, according to the PCA Group, malnutrition can occur at all ages of life, and it can either be under two circumstances, under nourished

Malnutrition In Bangladesh Essay

803 words - 3 pages disease. Next to life itself, good health is the most precious gift and is necessary for a purposeful existence. But this precious asset is endangered in some countries specially ours. This essay will reveal condition and ways to prevent malnutrition in Bangladesh.(Thesis st.)Firstly The poor health conditions in Bangladesh are attributed by the lack of healthcare and services provision by the government. The total expenditure on healthcare as a