Malnutrition In Bangladesh Essay

803 words - 3 pages

NAME: RAHMAN,FARIDURID:14-26086-12.SHARMIN, MAHMUDAID:14-27430-1Malnutrition in BangladeshGood health is a boon. It is the real jewel of life, the most precious possession of man. The simplest and most traditional definition of health is that it is the freedom of sickness and diseases. According to World Health Organization (WHO), a branch of the United Nations, health is physical, mental and social well being and not merely the absence of disease. Next to life itself, good health is the most precious gift and is necessary for a purposeful existence. But this precious asset is endangered in some countries specially ours. This essay will reveal condition and ways to prevent malnutrition in Bangladesh.(Thesis st.)Firstly The poor health conditions in Bangladesh are attributed by the lack of healthcare and services provision by the government. The total expenditure on healthcare as a percentage of their GDP was only 3.35% in 2009, according to a World Bank report published in 2010.[1 ] The number of hospital beds per 10 000 population is 4.[2 ] The General government expenditure on healthcare as a percentage of total government expenditure was only 7.9% as of 2009 and the citizens pay most of their health care bills as the out-of-pocket expenditure as a percentage of private expenditure on health is 96.5%.[1 ]Secondly Malnutrition in Bangladesh has been a persistent problem for the poverty-stricken country. The World Bank estimates that Bangladesh is ranked 1st in the world of the number of children suffering from malnutrition In Bangladesh, 26% of the population are undernourished[3 ] and 46% of the children suffers from moderate to severe underweight problem.[4 ] 43% of children under 5 years old are stunted. One in five preschool age children are vitamin A deficient and one in two are anemic.[5 ] Women also suffer most from malnutrition. To provide their family with food they pass on quality food which are essential for their nutrition.[6 ]Moreover The health and sanitation environment also affects malnutrition . Inadequacies in water supply, hygiene and sanitation have direct impacts on infectious diseases, such as malaria, parasitic diseases, and schistosomiasis. People are exposed to both water scarcity and poor water quality. Groundwater is often found to contain high arsenic concentration. Sanitation coverage in rural areas was only 35% in 1995. Almost one in...

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