MAN & ENVIRONMENT
Man and its surrounding have been in a relationship with each other, since time immemorial. Man has always been dependent on the environment around it for its survival and other domestic purposes. He has been devouring natural resources from the environment like a parasite, giving back nothing in return with the exception to the generated waste. Population explosion & higher consumption has directed the escalation in the utilization of the natural resources, thereby making the balance between Man and the Environment lop sided. This has been proliferating over years and has resulted in the initiation of an incognito grave for the mankind.
Irrational and overuse of resources has generated tons of waste products, which are wrenching the mankind towards their doomsday. There is flourishment of deforestation due to population explosion, creation of cultivated lands, man -made projects like Dams, windmills, mines etc. which has enhanced in integrating the pressure on the land resources. Due to the man-made projects there has been multiplication in the rate of clearing & destruction of the forests, which has successfully calibrated in forging pressure on wildlife, posing a threat for extinction of a large number of species. Acres of land remain submerged under water due to construction of hydro projects, the top soil also gets exposed due to deforestation. All of them have contributed largely in migration of a large number of wild animals/birds, fostering & promoting higher competition for survival ultimately leading to extinct of various species. Besides creating an energy crises, about more than 4/5th of the world’s total fossil fuel is expected to get over by next 2-3 decades. The erroneous mining techniques used not only exacerbate the land besides yielding poor efficiency in deracinating minerals and fossils from the mines.
The generation of the waste products due to gobbling up of the fossils is another mainstream reason for having a lion’s share in retrograding the environment. Several of which are non bio degradable and taint the environment, which assemble & metamorphoses to pollutants causing pollution. Pollution being the most effective terminator for our environment, which effectively does its homework in four different modes viz. Air, water, soil/land and sound. Air pollution which is pretty prominent & has various incarnations. It’s arsenal include oxides of carbon, nitrogen, sulphur, particulates , Volatile organic compound, particulates etc. The emissions from the chimneys, exhausts & vehicles all contribute in tainting the air, the ballistic use of the aerosol cans, refrigerators, air conditioners has flooded the atmosphere with the CFSs which phagocytize the ozone layer, thereby making organisms more prone to the harmful UV radiations from the sun. The perpetuations of the release of oxides of Carbon especially Carbon dioxide has...