Man and Superman
An essay “Man and Superman: In athletic competitions, what qualifies as a sporting chance?” by Malcolm Gladwell is attempted to answer an issue “Do genetic advantages make sports unfair?” The essay contains two arguments: human biological diversity makes sports unfair, and, consequently, as human attempts to equalise all the players as considered a moral obligation, the sports industry has no problem with athletes’ self-transformation while doping athletes is prohibited which, in his opinion, they should be justified just like those self-transformations. Gladwell also criticises the sports industry who is actually a culprit of this fairness, they try to level the playing by measuring that no one has an advantage over others but the consequence is a catalyst of science intervention.
Malcolm Gladwell is a journalist writing for The New Yorker; he often deals with popular modern life theories and ethical issues. The essay was published in The New Yorker magazine, September 2013, so the issue of the essay is an ongoing and controversial incongruity ethical dilemma among sports industry. The magazine is nationwide read especially in the U.S. metropolitans. The contents are mostly about American literary and cultural landscape, reportage, and including short stories. The target audience of the magazine is originally educated to elite readers, also the essay intended audience would not be much different from the magazine’s, specifically, the sports circles and sports spectators among middle to upper-class people.
He does well in writing an effective essay that he use facts and research in supporting his argument from the opening to ending. The word choices are also emphasise the genetic roles in the essay as he sees it unfairness in a game that human tries to put equality in it: sports and competition. The essay is well-organised; it presents a set of facts along with logical opinions and examples of analogy in order to lead the readers to follow his guide, and then hooks us up with the moral-ethical question upon the issue and makes a connection to another issue as a chain to each other. This technique in organising leads the readers to follow his checkpoints and become convincing by the logical orders he made, showing that he did well in using analogy between the I.Q. scores case and sports that makes the reader understand more about his point of arguments. His arguments are quite controversial since it deals with the ethical dilemma so it might infuriate the sports circle. However, the magazine’s audience is considered to be well-educated and progressive group who are open-minded for a new social and ethical dimension as they are metropolitans.
He opens with the tales of elite athletes to show how they are more special than the rest of us with their genetic and geographical conditions, so they spend less effort than normal people to win. Gladwell infers to well-known books and research in this essay: The Sports Gene by David...