Man’yoshu And Kokinshu Essay

1482 words - 6 pages

Man’yōshū is also known as the collection of ten thousand leaves but in a more literary and poetic sense could be portrayed as ten thousand generations. It is also seen as the earliest official oldest and greatest anthologies of Japanese poetry. Regardless of its name (could be seen as ten thousand poems) it actually only is composed of about 4,500 waka or 20 poem books. One distinction that could be made despite its popularity is it has no preface. Man’yōshū stands out because of its possession of passion, sincerity (or Makoto 真), pleasantness and most of all, it is really straightforward and to the point. In estimate, there are over 400 poets who are in most of the poems but half are anonymous. It is also well known for its wide range of social status among the authors which is a very rare case. Some authors come from the imperial family while others are just farmers or peasants. In fact the majority of the authors are not courtiers or of high status ranking officials. Then again they could be courtiers writing like commoners in disguise. There are many authors that are involved in the compilation of Man’yōshū such as Lady Kasa, Lady Ōtome, Emperor Yūryaku, Yamanoue no Okura, Yamabe no Akihito, and Princess Nukata, Kasa no Kanamura, Takahashi no Mushimaro but the major contributor would be Ōtomo no Yakamochi while the most important poet goes to Kakinomoto no Hitomaro. The last 4 books were created by Yakamochi, each containing notes on how the poems were written. Princess Nakata focused mainly of the two major seasons of spring and autumn; Yamanoue no Okura wrote most of his poems on social concerns of the public and made few on love and nature while Kakinomoto no Hitomaro worked on his own collection (Hitomaro kashū) and public poems where most considered his poetry most natural and complex. Public events with emotions along with involvement of parallelism and makurakotoba were his fortes as well. Ōtomo no Yakamochi had many love poems with women involved along with his diary and first introduction to Man’yōshū of the concept of “elegant confusion”. Finally Yamabe no Akahito composed many poems on nature such as national landmarks and favorite poems including births, deaths and ceremonies. (MYS Handout 3) Majority of the poems are in chōka form and have a hanka (tankas) that is added at the end. Man’yōshū was also a result of Japanese people’s urges to get satisfication in the form of history records during the Nara period. In addition Man’yōshū was the first anthology poetry to have makurakotoba (枕詞) in its poems. It seems that makurakotoba was a popular metaphor or fixed epithet commonly used to express nature, famous places, and/or other imageries. Parallelism and repetition were the frequently used poetic devices used to often express the author’s feelings and emotions. Most of the poems are waka which is divided into categories of chōka, tōka, sōmonka (love), zōka, banka and the more commonly used 31-syllable tanka form. Zōka are...

Find Another Essay On Man’yoshu and Kokinshu

The Roles and Significance of the Anthologies: Man’yoshu vs. Kokinshu

938 words - 4 pages Man’yōshū The poetic anthology Man’yōshū, compiled in ca. 759, is well known as an outstanding masterpiece of the Nara period, following the two chronicles: Kojiki (712) and Nihon Shoki, or Nihongi, (720). As its title describes, Man’yōshū (collection of ten thousand leaves) is an anthology of as many as almost 4,500 poems by writers from various backgrounds and different periods, in which I see this anthology significant. The composers include

Man’yoshu vs. Kokinshu Essay

1117 words - 4 pages During the Heian Period (794 – 1185 AD) in Japan, poetry became a very popular art form. Two of the most significant pieces that came out of this time period were the Manyōshū and Kokinshū. The Manyōshū was the first anthology of poems ever created and the Kokinshū was the first anthology of poems ordered by imperial rule. They are not only important because they were the beginning of recorded Japanese art, but also because they greatly

Man’yoshu vs. Kokinshu

1571 words - 6 pages Man’yoshu and Kokinshuu are some of the earliest anthologies of Japanese poetry to be considered literary canons. The Man’yoshu dates back to the 8th century and contains 4,516 poems. Man’yoshu, which is translated as “Collection of Ten Thousands Leafs”, was compiled from a wide range of Japan society, where many of the authors remained anonymous. The Kokinshuu appears later in Japan’s history and is an anthology from 905 AD that contains a

Role of Poetry in Heian Period Prose

1467 words - 6 pages For centuries the waka, or Japanese poem, was by far the predominant form of literary art in medieval Japan. Collections of poetry such as the Manyoshu and Kokinshu contain poems written in the 5th century. (Man’yoshu, Encyclopedia of Japan) The development of waka in its various forms such as the haiku, tanka, and choka reached a point of high sophistication in the Heian period in an exquisitely refined culture. (Heian Period, Encyclopedia

When the Bubble Burst

1539 words - 6 pages By the time I arrived state side from my second tour in the Middle East the housing bubble had already burst. I noticed a drastic change in the way that many of my friends and family were living. Several of my friends that worked in real estate had sold their boats and seconds houses. My own stock portfolio had lost a third of its value. My sister and her husband had defaulted on their home mortgage leaving them scrambling for a place to live. I

phase diagram

4456 words - 18 pages Introduction: Chemical equilibrium is a crucial topic in Chemistry. To represent and model equilibrium, the thermodynamic concept of Free energy is usually used. For a multi-component system the Gibbs free energy is a function of Pressure, Temperature and quantity (mass, moles) of each component. If one of these parameters is changed, a state change to a more energetically favorable state will occur. This state has the lowest free energy

Revolutionary Work of Art

1890 words - 8 pages Walter Benjamin emphasizes in his essay, “The Work of Art in the Age of its Technological Reproducibility” that technology used to make an artwork has changed the way it was received, and its “aura”. Aura represents the originality and authenticity of a work of art that has not been reproduced. The Sistine Chapel in the Vatican is an example of a work that has been and truly a beacon of art. It has brought a benefit and enlightenment to the art

Enlightenment Thought in New Zealand Schools

1594 words - 6 pages In this essay I will be looking at how the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment have shaped New Zealand Education. I will also be discussing the perennial tension of local control versus central control of education, and how this has been affected by the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment. The enlightenment was an intellectual movement, which beginnings of were marked by the Glorious Revolution in Britain

Psychological Egoism Theory

2240 words - 9 pages The theory of psychological egoism is indeed plausible. The meaning of plausible in the context of this paper refers to the validity or the conceivability of the theory in question, to explain the nature and motivation of human behavior (Hinman, 2007). Human actions are motivated by the satisfaction obtained after completing a task that they are involved in. For example, Mother Teresa was satisfied by her benevolent actions and

How Celtic Folkore has Influenced My Family

1587 words - 6 pages Every family has a unique background that influences the way they live and interact with other people. My parents, who emigrated from Ireland to the States with my three brothers in 1989, brought over their own Celtic folklore and traditions that have helped shaped the way our family operates and lives. One aspect of folklore that has helped shape my family dynamic is the Celtic cross—both its background and what role it has played in our lives

Julia Margaret Cameron

1406 words - 6 pages At a time when women were looked upon as being homemakers, wives, mothers and such the late 1850's presented a change in pace for one woman in specific. Photography was discovered in 1826 and soon after the phenomenon of photography was being experimented with and in turn brought new and different ways of photo taking not only as documenting real time, but also conceptualizing a scene in which an image would be taken. Julia Margaret Cameron will

Similar Essays

Man’yoshu And Kokinshu: National Identity Essay

1320 words - 5 pages In Japan, two poetic anthologies, the Man’yōshū and the Kokinshū, are highly revered as literary embodiments of the Japanese spirit. Though both are similar in their purposes as literature, the intent behind compiling each anthology as well as the legacy each has left behind differ greatly. With its inclusion of poets from all classes and embodiment of makoto or sincerity, the Man’yōshū helped the Japanese form a national identity through its

Diference In Writing Man’yoshu And Kokinshu

1085 words - 4 pages This paper will discuss and compare the anthologies of Manʻyōshū and Kokinshū, which were the earliest poetry collections of the classical period in Japan. Manʻyōshū was the earliest anthology of poems and included both long and short forms. It was compiled in the 7th century. Kokinshū was a collection of short poems known as tanka, consisting of 31 syllables. It was compiled in the 8th-10th century. The Kokinshū became the poetry standard

Man’yoshu Vs. Kokinshu And Their Significance

1260 words - 5 pages The Man’yōshū and the Kokinshū are perhaps among the most revered and earliest collections of Japanese poetry. The Man’yōshū, meaning “Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves (or Generations),” is believed to be compiled by the poet Ōtomo no Yakamochi sometime after AD 759 during the Nara Period. It contains over 4,000 poems, mostly tanka, that date before the end of the eighth century, and the writings are somewhat divided chronologically into four

Man’yoshu And Kokinshu Hallmark Of The Japanese Poetic Form

1133 words - 5 pages . Works Cited Brower, Robert, et al., ed. Japanese Court Poetry. Stanford University Press. Los Angeles: 1961. Keene, Donald, ed. Anthology of Japanese Literature from the Earliest Era to the Mid- nineteenth Century. Grove Press, Inc. New York: 1955. Rexroth, Kenneth, ed and trans. One Hundred Poems from the Japanese. Penguin. New York: 1955. Wixted, John, et al., ed. Kokinshu: A Collection of Poems Ancient and Modern. Princeton University Press. Boston: 1984.