Management Essay

2185 words - 9 pages

Introduction
Over the last few decades, there has been a long-standing debate in academic circles and literature about whether or not leadership is similar to or different from management. Indeed, some scholars believe that there is a clear and explicit distinction between the two terms (Zaleznik, 1977; Bennis and Nanus, 1985; Kumle and Kelly, 1999). Others argue that leaders and managers are merely two faces of the same medal and should therefore be considered as a single whole (Fayol, 1916; Barnard, 1938). And yet others are persuaded that while management and leadership do differ, they also share many similarities as leaders and mangers often exert congruent functions (Yukl, 1999; Hay and Hodgkinson, 2006). Consequently, the argument remains unresolved and the confusion persists.
From a pragmatic point of view, failing to differentiate leadership from management brings forth a misunderstanding over the roles and responsibilities of each. For instance, Kotterman (2006) argues that using the two terms interchangeably can create complications in appraising, examining, evaluating, employing or advertising for leaders and managers. Furthermore, confusing the two concepts may also hamper organizational leadership and management development programmes (Zaleznik, 1977). To put simply, management and leadership are complementary concepts that are both essential for organizational success (Darling et al., 2007). Yet, most corporations have too many managers and too few leaders (Kotter, 1990). On the other hand, having an abundance of leaders with many different visions can also be detrimental as it may confuse followers and decrease their motivation (Kotterman, 2006). Therefore, it is crucial for organizations to be able to distinguish between these two concepts in order to engage the right expertise for the appropriate jobs.
Purpose of the Paper
By drawing on academic journals and literature, this essay aims to unveil the disparities among transformational leadership and management. It will start by defining each one of the two terms, before examining their discrepancies from a conceptual, functional and behavioural perspective. This paper will also discuss potential overlaps between leadership and management, as well address the limitations of this work and suggest a way forward for further research.
Defining Leadership and Management
To begin with, in order to differentiate leadership from management, it is essential to clarify the meaning of these two concepts. In the case of management, there is a more or less generally agreed upon definition as management is often described in terms of its functions. Levitt (1976), for instance, characterizes management as appraising circumstances; setting goals; establishing plans of action to attain these goals; mobilizing resources; organizing, coordinating and controlling tasks to reach the specified objectives, as well as stimulating and rewarding employee performance. There is, however, no such thing as a...

Find Another Essay On Management

management Essay

2155 words - 9 pages Introduction Leadership is undoubtedly one of the oldest and most disputable topics among academics. On one hand, there has not yet been a general agreement as to what leadership is (Bass, 1990; Goethals, Sorenson and Burns, 2004; Zaleznik, 1977). On the other hand, many scholars have differing views on how it is related to management. Some authors posit that leadership and management should be viewed as an ensemble (Fayol, 1916; Fells, 2000

management Essay

919 words - 4 pages Homework #1Date Required: July 11, 2014Date Submitted : July 15,2014POLLOSCO NELSIE SQuestions in chapter 2QUESTION#1 - How can management team justify dealing with a subcontractor based in a country in which human rights are being widely violated?The primary reason why a management team will subcontract a particular work in another country is because of lower labor cost. Meaning, the labor cost is cheaper.However, to prevent the subcontractor

Management

1592 words - 6 pages well as problem solving and technical skills.” The management training program will provide a plan of action to strategize and grasp all the necessary skills in a short time to fulfill the goal of becoming the CEO. First and foremost, managers must identify weaknesses, polish up strengths, and learn new ideas and concepts that will improve their leadership qualities. Developing leadership qualities includes perfecting a key set of

MANAGEMENT

2493 words - 10 pages appreciated for several years. The outsourcing a portion of the ECUs also provided Kuiper Leda more flexibility with machine usage with the production of the RFIDs, which the new company is interested in selling.Kuiper Leda has a centralized demand management system, which involves the recognition and management of the demands for the products. “It is done to ensure that the master scheduler is aware of the demand,” (University of Phoenix

Management

718 words - 3 pages maximum number of employees and customers are all in the building and the sales for the evening are highest. This not being the best time to be evaluated because of the already stress filled environment and constant pressure being added from the management to speed up the cooking and sending of food. Having my superiors, boss and his boss all in the building at once would only make the evening more stressful. Being the assistant Kitchen manger I have

Management

789 words - 3 pages . Two kinds of performance indicators tell the most about the caliber of a company's strategy: profitability and financial strength and competitive strength and market standing.WHY CRAFTING AND EXECUTING STRATEGY ARE IMPORTANTS TASKSGOOD STRATEGY + GOOD STRATEGY EXECUTION: GOOD MANAGEMENTCrafting and executing strategy are thus core management functions. Among all the things managers do, nothing affects a company's ultimate success or failure more

Management

789 words - 3 pages . Two kinds of performance indicators tell the most about the caliber of a company's strategy: profitability and financial strength and competitive strength and market standing.WHY CRAFTING AND EXECUTING STRATEGY ARE IMPORTANTS TASKSGOOD STRATEGY + GOOD STRATEGY EXECUTION: GOOD MANAGEMENTCrafting and executing strategy are thus core management functions. Among all the things managers do, nothing affects a company's ultimate success or failure more

Management

789 words - 3 pages . Two kinds of performance indicators tell the most about the caliber of a company's strategy: profitability and financial strength and competitive strength and market standing.WHY CRAFTING AND EXECUTING STRATEGY ARE IMPORTANTS TASKSGOOD STRATEGY + GOOD STRATEGY EXECUTION: GOOD MANAGEMENTCrafting and executing strategy are thus core management functions. Among all the things managers do, nothing affects a company's ultimate success or failure more

Management

1395 words - 6 pages things, the discussion will be demonstrated from the following concepts: contemporary management challenges—downsizing, workplace diversity, restructuring, globalisation and quality; organisational culture in Australia, managers’ role in managing organisational culture. Managers today must be able to solve problems based on the skills and knowledge that they have, and help the organisation be more successful. Organisations that profit

Management - 2362 words

2362 words - 9 pages price. This would have a material negative impact on the capability of Shell?s management to create value for their shareholders. If the price falls far enough, it might become a takeover target. Because of management?s breach in one area (i.e., human rights), many of the other values that the company stands could be sacrificed under a new leadership team.Lack of Guidelines for Ethical Behavior: The company has not provided its local management

Management - 2760 words

2760 words - 11 pages that consisted of individuals with diverse cultural backgrounds (Kevin, 2011). The management of a culturally diverse group so as to enhance output is a useful skill that will remain desirable for organizational leaders (Thomas, 2009). The interest will always remain to create an enhancing environment that can collectively utilize talents from a culturally diverse workforce (Thomas, 2009). Currently, there is a shortage of culturally intelligent

Similar Essays

Management Essay 550 Words

550 words - 2 pages In order to perform the functions of management and to assume multiple roles, managers must be skilled. Robert Katz identified three managerial skills that are essential to successful management: technical, human, and conceptual*. Technical skill involves process or technique knowledge and proficiency. Managers use the processes, techniques and tools of a specific area. Human skill involves the ability to interact effectively with people

Management Essay 1180 Words

1180 words - 5 pages Essay 1: What is Management? The purpose of this paper is to analyze the role and function of management in society and the workforce and to look into how it is implemented. Three main questions will be discussed, outlining, ”What is management? aWhat do managers do? And what skills do managers need?” We will define management as a profession, look into what managers undertake and deliver in their daily output of work, different levels of

Management Essay 3888 Words

3888 words - 16 pages Running Head: MANAGEMENT Management at Service Sector Introduction Today every service sector organisation needs to have a sound management plan in order to cope with the upcoming challenges of industry. The plan must include a clear assessment and awareness about the challenges. (Mcintosh et al, 2000) In this essay, challenges faced by the management of retail and hospitality industry in recruitment process and how such challenges

Management Essay 3499 Words

3499 words - 14 pages Management PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 13 Management at Service SectorIntroductionToday every service sector organisation needs to have a sound management plan in order to cope with the upcoming challenges of industry. The plan must include a clear assessment and awareness about the challenges. (Mcintosh et al, 2000) In this essay, challenges faced by the management of retail and hospitality industry in recruitment process and how such challenges can