Management and Leadership
Some might argue that there is not much difference between management and leadership. While a good manager can also be a good leader and visa versa, this does not always hold true. "A leader is someone who people naturally follow through their own choice, whereas a manager must be obeyed. A manager may only have obtained his position of authority through time and loyalty given to the company, not as a result of his leadership qualities. A leader may have no organizational skills, but his vision unites people behind him."(1) I believe an individual can go to school, get a good education and can be taught to be a good manager, but there is more to being a good leader. Being a leader, I believe, is an inherent attribute that one either has or does not have. Now, I realize there are leadership training courses and classes that try to mold individuals into leaders, but without the built-in leadership quality, these courses and classes will just make an individual seem like a scripted manager who have been to a leadership class. If you are already a leader, these same course and classes can certainly help you sharpen your leadership skills. "Manager think incrementally, whilst leader think radically."(2)
Managers, just as their title says, manage. They are responsible for managing the day-to-day operations of their particular department. Managers are in charge of pushing down directives from upper management or possible even the leader of the company. While managers from time to time may try to motivate their employees, they do so as a way to accomplish daily goals or objectives. Actually, they are not in charge of the overall direction or future of the company as a hole. What managers are in charge of is ensuring the road that the company travels on is a smooth as possible. They hire and fire employees, ensure the proper staff is scheduled to handle daily operations and, for a lack of better word, baby-sit the work group. Managers are also the first line of contact when issues arise that concern their employees. When employees have issues, most companies prefer for them to speak to their manager first to find a resolution. On the other hand, if upper management has an issue with employees, they will usually go through the managers for a resolution.
As for leadership, it is more of a following, a person's ability to motivate and inspire their employees. A manager may work for a company for 15 years be very dedicated and for that he/she are promoted to a management position. In that management position their employees must, to a certain degree, follow their directives, whereas leaders are inspirational and people, employees and work groups choose to follow them. Manager, to be effective, must be well organized and efficient being very mindful of company policies and procedures. Leaders, on the other hand, are more of a lose type of individual with tremendous ability to influence and give his or her company a since of...