Management Information Systems Essay

1664 words - 7 pages

Introduction
A management information systems helps manager make decisions by providing information from a database with little or no analysis. A decision support system (DSS), on the other hand, helps managers make decisions by analyzing data from a database and providing the results of the analysis to the manager. An MIS supports all three levels of management decision making with reports and query responses. A DSS, on the other hand, is usually best for decisions at the middle and top levels of management. As with an MIS, a DSS helps with making decision but does not actually make decision; only managers make decisions.

The users of a DSS are managers, usually at the tactical and strategic levels in the organization. The user requests analysis of data from the system, and the results of the analysis are displayed on the user’s screen or printed in a report. The DSS database contains data that is analyzed to produce the output. The DSS model base (analogous to a database) contains the mathematical models and statistical calculation routines that are used to analyze data from the database. The DSS software provides capabilities for the user to access data in the database and to use models from the model base to analyze the data. The software also displays the result of the analysis on the screen or prints it on paper. Often, the output from a DSS is given in a graphic form, although other forms of output are used. Using the software, the user can try different models and data to see what happens.

The data for the DSS database comes from several sources. The user may enter data into the database, or data may be retrieved from the MIS database or the transaction processing system stored data. In addition, the results of a previous analysis by the DSS may be stored in the database for use in later analysis. External sources may also be used to supply data for the DSS database.

An example of a DSS is one that helps a manager in an athletic shoe store decide what types of shoes to advertise. The system would use data from a database containing past sales of different types of shoes. The sales data would be analyzed by statistical calculation routines to project sales trends. Then, a mathematical model would be used to simulate the effect of advertising on sales. The manager would try different strategies until he or she found the one that was most likely to increase sales.
Decision support system are best used for situations in which decisions are semi-structured or unstructured. The nature of these decisions often involves trying different approaches, asking what-if questions, finding input values that produce a specific output (a process called goal seeking), and checking the result to see how it might change if the input were slightly different (a process called sensitivity analysis.) The types of decisions that fit this situation are not made very frequently and often affect business for some time. All these characteristics point to the use...

Find Another Essay On Management Information Systems

What´s Management Information Systems Essay

1778 words - 8 pages DEFINATION A management information system (MIS) is a system designed to collect, store and transmit data in the form of information needed to carry out the functions of management in an organization. MIS helps an organization to get information and manage their company efficiently. Management information system is different from other information systems. It is because they are used to analyze and facilitate strategic and operational activities

Project Management for Information Systems Essay

3569 words - 14 pages Project Management for Information Systems Abstract Information systems (IS) projects are vulnerable to resource cutbacks and the increasing complexity of systems and advances in information technology make finding the right personnel difficult and the associated development costs high. Good project management is essential for success. Some alignment methodologies include IBM's business systems planning (BSP), Robert Holland's strategic

Benefits of Management Information Systems

596 words - 3 pages Evolution of technology has a better option in the revolution of the world thereby progressing from the Stone Age to the classier development and implementation of systems rich in “human intelligence”. The purpose and relevance of management information system is to give direct control to executives to make decisions that give dynamic takeover of the company’s goals. An active Management information system combines data amassed by company’s

Management Information Systems in Zwilling

2674 words - 11 pages receipts is managed online.§ Deliveries are managed online, eliminating the need for a Hot List printed report.§ Tight integration among purchasing, production. quality management, and accounting improves the overall business.§ Integration in the data collection systems makes information easier to obtain and analyze.§ The company metrics are determined from business needs rather than the limitations of antiquated systems.&sect

Evaluation of Information Systems Management and Business Information Management

1263 words - 6 pages 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background The program that I have chosen is Bachelor of Information Technology (Hons) Business Information Management in HELP University. The aim of this program is to provide understanding of the issues involved in develop and managing information systems in a current business context. This program also gives students the appropriate knowledge and skills to enable them to adopt with the field of managing and developing

Security Management Models for Information Systems

1014 words - 4 pages Background Security management within the context of information systems “needs a paradigm shift in order to successfully protect information assets” (Eloff & Eloff, 2003). Due the rapid increase in information security threats, security management measures have been taken to proactively remedy the growing threat facing information security. As a result of this, security management “is becoming more complex everyday, many organization’s

Management of Information Systems in an Organization

884 words - 4 pages Management of Information Systems in an Organization INTRODUCTION Management Information Systems are distinct from regular information systems in that they are used to analyze other information systems applied in operational activities in the organization.(1) In a recent survey article in The Economist, John Browning (1990) wrote: "Information technology is no longer a business resource; it is the business environment." His statement is not

How Management Information Systems Affect Working Ethics

1581 words - 6 pages For every technological introduction or advancement, there are consequences which come with it. This excludes not those that come with introduction of management information systems in companies. The modern society is entirely depended on information systems. Failure of these systems, today, can be declared as end of humanity. Worse enough is that there is a generational shift whereby future generations will not live without information systems

Information Systems in Supply Chain Management

6098 words - 24 pages Information Systems in Supply Chain Management 2 Innovated Information Systems in Supply Chain Management *** A Case Study of Walmart Stores, Inc. and Lessons for Vietnam Retail Industry Instructor: Dr. Le Thai Phong Prepared by: Doan Thi Thu Trang [1113340189] 3 Table of Contents INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................................................. 4 I. LITERATURE REVIEW

Management and Information Systems: An Ideal Choice

931 words - 4 pages A Management and Information Systems degree can be utilized in practically any field or company that one could desire. It is usually among the top ten degrees for multiple purposes and can have a high potential salary. Employees with knowledge in information technology will always be in demand, no matter the time or where one is employed. This is the computer age, thus ongoing learning in this field will be a prime position. Management is much

General motors Management Information systems - AASt - essay

3661 words - 15 pages deployment of IS enables the company to avoid such outcomes, thereby achieving successful integration of all activities in the value-chain. For this purpose it helps to understand GM?s IS architecture . In 2008 GM?s Information Systems & Services (IS&S) division declared that the corporation had reduced the number of IT systems from 7,000 to 2,400, therefore management clearly recognizes the need for achieving greater efficiencies throughout the

Similar Essays

Management Information Systems Essay

4674 words - 19 pages order process can be speeded-up and become very accurate.8. Bibliography.The information gained for this assignment was retrieved form the Management Information Book:Laudon, K. & Laudon, J. (2002) Management Information Systems: Managing the Digital Firm. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall Inc.Further information was gained by the websites:www.du.edu

Management Information Systems Essay

2619 words - 10 pages provide the company with new customers and streamline business processes. However, there are some management challenges that need to be addressed when using this technology. If the company is aware of these challenges and addresses them successfully the full potential of this technology will be reached. 4.      Information systems and technology is allowing businesses to reach consumers in ways that they were unable to

Management Information Systems Essay

1266 words - 5 pages questionnaire that was tabulated that will aid in the sampling of data collection and data analysis. Problem Statement:      The Housing Authority of the City of Camden (HACC) needs to upgrade the Management Information Systems (MIS) to address the constant changes of the organization. Presently, HACC is using a system called Emphasys Flex Systems. Due to the requirement for a competitive

Management Information Systems Essay

2178 words - 9 pages When it comes to management information systems (MIS), the amount of data collected is becoming increasingly larger every day. For employees the information includes such things as name, address, gender, social security number, work habits, likes and dislikes. For the customer, data collected include name, address, gender, credit card number, likes and dislikes. The question is how we handle this growing collection of data, maximize our profits