The objective of this report is to present and discuss the management of field construction projects. These projects involve a great deal of time and expense, so close control and management is paramount if they are to be completed within the established time and cost limitations. The term construction management is applied to the provision of professional management services to the owner of a construction project with the objective of achieving high quality with low costs.
A specialist project manager organises, schedules, and controls the field work and is responsible for getting the project completed within the time and cost limitations. He acts as the focal point for all facets of the project and brings together the efforts of all organisations having input into the construction process.
According to the Journal Your Pathway to qualifying in Project Management, RICS, July 2006.
‘Project Managers occupy a central role in driving successful completion of projects. Project Management is a thriving professional discipline much in demand throughout the world.
Consequently, these chartered professionals can chose from a variety of potential employers including clients and consultants from both the public and private sectors with either commercial or not for profit aims.
Typically, project managers will be appointed at the beginning of a project and will assist the client in developing the project brief and then selecting, appointing and co-ordinating the project team. He or She will then usually represent the client throughout the full development process managing the inputs from the client, consultants, contractors and other stakeholders.’
A key skill that every project manager should possess is being able to keep a project on budget, one of the main responsibilities of a project manager is ‘for the planning, management and financial control of a construction project’ (CIOB 2009). Project managers are likely to have differing objectives throughout the project but one underlying objective throughout it is to bring the project in the specific budget that has been set by the client and this is one of the main objectives that a project manager is judged on, and therefore being able to keep a tight financial reign on every project is essential.
During the design phase of the construction project, the project costs are continuously approximated and reviewed following each design change to ensure that they will not exceed the owner’s budget. A new project cannot be intelligently priced until some major management determinations have been made concerning the conduct of the work. Project cost estimating is typically executed by the quantity surveyor, but with projects such as the service Kelmat Services provide, where they provide specialist project managers for unique constructions such as St Germans Flood Alleviation Pump Station (Atkins), the project manager was employed to oversee the construction, but to assist the quantity surveyor in...