Management research can be describe as a systematic form that is seeks to answer a given question in the field of management (Mennen, 2010). It involves conducting a search systematically with the view of developing viable solutions for problems encountered in business and management. (Saunders, Lewis & Thornhill, 2012). The paper expands on the concept of management research. It gives detailed examples to explain the different terms encountered in the field of management research.
The philosophy of management research introduces various concepts that are central to the success of a research tackling various kinds of management problems (Saunders, Lewis & Thornhill, 2012). Ontology deals with the process of identifying the type of management of knowledge and how to manage it. Ontology refers to the assumptions that a research makes in regard to reality (Easterby-Smith, Thorpe & Jackson, 2012). It looks at what creates and influences social realities in the world of management. It describes the view that we take based on the nature of reality that is whether it is subjective or objective. Objectivist ontology refers to the discovery of realities in relation to objectives of a research. The assumption is that social phenomena was present even before social actors came into existence. Constructivist ontology seeks to show the basic differences that exist between reality and social phenomenon (Grant, 2011). It checks on individual realities, social realities and researcher realities. Individuals possess realities that influence their thoughts and moods. The definition of a social phenomenon depends on the social actors. In addition, constructivist ontology states that analysis of behavior should consider motivation and any underlying ideas ( Easterby-Smith, Thorpe & Jackson, 2012).
Epistemology can be defined as the outcome of a given ontological position that a research decides to take (Easterby-Smith, Thorpe & Jackson, 2012). It involves all the decisions regarding research method and data analysis. Epistemology gives guidelines on how to determine the integrity of knowledge during management research. Epistemology is the ways used by a researcher to answers questions raised by the management problem being researched upon. Positivist epistemology relies on physical evidence and hard facts to obtain management knowledge. It gives priority to physical evidence and involves application of various measurement methods from natural science (Saunders, Lewis & Thornhill, 2012). On the other hand, interpretivist epistemology relies on the knowledge that is interpreted from the mind (Myers, 2013). It checks social realities and heavily relies on interpretation and feelings. Interpretivist epistemology shows that different people interpret information differently. Everybody had their own “truth”
Axiology entails the regulation of how different resources can be combined to achieve results (Easterby-Smith, Thorpe & Jackson, 2012). Axiology aims at...