ISSN 1392-2785 ENGINEERING ECONOMICS. 2005. No 4 (44) WORK HUMANISM
The Most Recent Trends and Emerging Values in Human Resource Management: Comparative Analysis
Vilniaus universitetas Saulėtekio al. 9, LT-01513, Vilnius
The article deals with the complexity of human re- source management in the context of business globaliza- tion. The global trends in human resource management are shaped by competitiveness, downsizing, outsourcing, more diverse work force and an ageing population. On the con- trary, the cultural differences significantly affect many aspects of human resource management, such as recruit- ment and selection, performance appraisal and compensa- tion, career development. The problem is in balancing the global trends in human resource management with the influence of national cultures. The extent to which human resource management activities are successful across cul- tures will largely depend on manager's abilities to under- stand and balance other culture's values and practices as regards such things as the importance of work, its rela- tionship to the whole person and to the group, how power and status is conferred, the desirability of change, the per- ceived value of experience versus formal classroom man- agement training and other fundamental difference.. The article explores a major challenges arising from globaliza- tion and affecting human resource management practices in twenty - first century in the selected industrialized coun- tries (United Kingdom, USA, Japan) and Lihtuania as the representative country of the post-soviet bloc. The article shows that the process of globalization and the develop- ment of international companies unify human resource management and at the same time underscore the impor- tance of national cultural values. In this way the interna- tional companies reconcile two contrary goals: employees accept the dominant organizational values, and at the same time they are encouraged to exploit their national cultural differences.
The general aim of the article - analyze the theory and the practice of balancing the seemingly opposing forces - global and national and to identify trends and values in human resource management across four countries: United Kingdom, USA, Japan and Lithuania..
Keywords: human resource management (HRM), globa- lization, cultural differences, values.
Introduction The object of the study - managing human resources
across the cultures in the context of the process of global- ization. Formulated and solved these problems would have to analyze theories: strategic human resource management, cross-cultural management, organizational behaviour and organizational theory.
In the twenty first century the extent to which HRM is
successful across cultures will largely depend on man- ager's abilities to balance the global trends in HRM with national cultures' values and practices.
The goal of the article is to investigate global trends and to make comparative...