This paper describes on one of the famous management theorist Frederick Winslow Taylor, who introduced to society about the scientific management theories. This method was established a hundred years ago in 1911 early stage by Taylor in his work place. This article critically discusses about Taylor’s early stage, background, education, and his contribution to management theory, practice and society.
Frederick Winslow Taylor was born in 20th March 1856 in Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in a lawyer’s family. He studied in France and Germany for 2 years and ultimately transferred to the Europe in 1872. Taylor’s family encouraged him to become a lawyer like his father. He works hard and passed his Harvard law exam with honors. But, due to eyesight and poor health condition he turned his way from entering law school to pump manufacturing company in Philadelphia as an apprentice pattern maker. He completed his four year apprentice period in 1878 in same company and moved to Midvale Steel works as a machine shop labor. In his new company became a turning point of his career because he promoted rapidly within short period and eventually he became a chief engineer of the works within six years of the period. F.W Taylor was graduated with a mechanical engineering degree by attending to the exam in Stevens Institute of Technology in 1883. Later stage in 1898, he joined to the Bethlehem Steel company and involved to increase mass production using his principle of scientific management theories until he left the company in 1901. After the Bethlehem steel career period, he thought to promote his scientific management, publicity through seminar, consulting, writing and conducting lectures. Eventually, it became a famous scientific management methodology world wide.
Early stage of Midvale steel, Tylor was working as a labor and machinist and he recognized that workers weren't used much their full effort while working on the machines as they could. In the result of it the company has spent so much money for the labor. The Taylor became a foreman in same company years later. Even though the name of the “productivity” had not used or developed at that time, he analyzed productivity of workman and machines to get maximum output from the labor and machines. Mainly, he focused on the human component of the production to increase productivity. The method which Taylor used to increase productivity, ultimately became a scientific management in society. F.W. Taylor focused on a principle of scientific management, which categorized under four heads;
1. Replace old rule of thumb method with scientific study for each element of a man’s work.
2. Employees selected scientifically, train, teach and develop them rather than allow to train themselves in their own way as best they could.
3. Supervision of each worker as per their performance and ensures that the work being done as per the principle of science.
4. The work and responsibilities...