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Manhu Conquest Of China Essay

911 words - 4 pages

The Manchu conquest of China was a long period of war between Qing Dynasty in Manchuria and Ming Dynasty in the south; however, Beijing was firstly fell to a rebel army led by Li Zicheng, a former minor Ming official, who became the leader of the peasant revolt, and then established the Shun Dynasty in Xi’an. Dorgon, who is a Manchu prince, and Wu Sangui fought a bottle of Shanhai Pass against Li Zicheng. After that, Dorgon’s father, Hong Taiji established the Qing Dynasty and became Chongde Emperor. After Hong Taiji’s death in 1643, his ninth son Fulin ascended the throne as the Shunzhi Emperor.
During rule of Wanli Emperor, Ming was in a chaotic state, no matter in politics, military, ...view middle of the document...

Although Dynasty changes were disasters for civilian, the revolution still gave them hope to have a better life. In 1644, the last emperor’s (Chongzhen Emperor) suicide, owing to the fear towards Li Zicheng’s army, marked the end of the Ming Dynasty, which is also end of the last Han Chinese’ dynasty.
Actually, in January 1643, Li Zicheng claimed himself as the Xinshun King in Xiangyang. After that, in January 1644, he claimed himself as an emperor in Xi’an, and established the Shun Dynasty. It was not a smart choice to claim throne in that situation, because the country was not settled; his choice made him become the target of all the ambitious men. Hung Taiji was one of them. Dorgon, his son, and Wu Sangui fought a battle together against Li Zicheng on 27 May 1644 at Shanhaiguan at the eastern end of the Great Wall of China. Avoiding being hit by Dorgon’s army, people wear white shirts in Wu Sangui’s army. Wu Sangui’s army attacked first, but was almost being defeated. Dorgon’s army attended on time, and helped. Finally, Li Zicheng’s army was vanquished. As a Chinese adage goes, Li Zicheng “made the bottom drawer for someone else”. He conquered the Ming Dynasty, and founded the Shun Dynasty in 1644; however, the Shun Dynasty was short-lived. The Shun Dynasty ended in 1645, and nobody knows what happened to Li Zicheng. Thus, Li Zicheng was just a passing traveller of the authority.
The formation of Qing Dynasty, the country regained it prosperity and peace step by step. After Hong Taiji’s death in 1643, Dorgon became involved in a power struggle with his big brother Hooge over the succession to the throne. The conflict was resolved with a...

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