What is bipolar disorder? Bipolar disorder is one of the many mood disorders that are often overlooked and should not be taken lightly. It is sometimes called manic-depressive illness or manic-depression, which involves cycles of depression and mania. Sometimes the mood switches from high to low and back again. Bipolar disorder is a complex physiological and psychological disorder that can influence and manipulate a person's thoughts and actions in their daily life.
Although it has yet to be found of what causes this disorder, experts however have found out that it may run in the family, as well as genetics being part of the cause. It was also founded that the environment takes part in how severe the case may be. Studies also found that if one of the child’s biological parents has bipolar disorder, the child is more than likely to have the disorder as well (Causes of Bipolar Disorder). Not only is it hereditary but causes of being diagnosed with this disorder includes “stressful life events, abrupt changes in sleep patterns, and chronic medical illnesses, can contribute to a person’s risk” (Hoos).
The affect that bipolar disorder has on the brain is the malfunction of the neurotransmitters. There are three chemicals in the brain that are involved in the brain and bodily functions such as noradrenaline (norepinephrine), serotonin, and dopamine. According to studies, noradrenaline and serotonin has been found to be linked to mood disorders such as bipolar disorder and depression. The brain chemical Serotonin, is connected to body functions that consists of sleep, wakefulness, eating, sexual activity, impulsivity, learning and memory. Researchers found that the abnormal level of serotonin contributes to this disorder (Causes of Bipolar Disorder). According to WebMD, when the levels of chemicals in the brain are low it leads to mania, and when it is low it causes depression.
Sensory input has a big affect on bipolar disorder. Some sensations may lead to a heightened response that increases sensitivity which may be pleasurable, but sometimes painful. Those who are highly sensitive to sensory input are mostly found in children who are in a depressed-irritable state of mind (Waltz).
To know if someone is suffering from bipolar disorders symptoms includes dramatic and unpredictable mood swings, being excessively happy, excitement, irritable, restlessness, an increase of energy/loss of energy, the less/increased need for sleep, racing thoughts, a high sex drive, sadness, anxiety, uncontrollable crying, a change in appetite that may cause weight...