Manipulation In 1984 Essay

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Because of the freedoms enjoyed in the United States, a dominate totalitarian government where thinking freely is penalized by death is difficult to envision or comprehend. In George Orwell's novel 1984, the main character, Winston Smith experiences firsthand the limitations imposed by the Inner Party on language and several other aspects of daily life in order to subdue Oceania' citizens and hamper any freedom of expression. The inclusion of thought-provoking themes concerning the manipulation of language, history, and minds serves as an admonition for the future.
Through the manipulation of language, deception and control are facilitated. A clear demonstration is uttered by Syme to Smith: “Do you know that Newspeak is the only language in the world whose vocabulary gets smaller every year?...Don't you see that the whole aim of Newspeak is to narrow the range of thought?” (Orwell 46). The attenuating language represents an additional barrier preventing contradictory thoughts from even existing. With a limited and insufficient language, the complexity of thought is considerably reduced along with a person's aptitude to formulate or express ideas thus preventing threats to the all-powerful government. As a result of the shrinking language, the future will be affected in such a way that “By 2050- earlier, probably- all real knowledge of Oldspeak will have disappeared. The whole literature of the past will have been destroyed” (Orwell 47). The changing of the language would have serious repercussions in any future, real or fictitious. Without knowledge of a different world, people will know no better than to blindly and obediently follow their strict, totalitarian government, never becoming aware of the power it holds over them. The manipulation of language aids in the deception of the citizens of Oceania and leads to the destruction of will.
A further way in which the Inner Party tampers with its citizens is the falsification and alteration of history. Confirmation of this fact is expressed to Smith by O'Brien: “Who controls the past controls the future; who controls the present controls the past... We, the Party, control all records, and we control all memories” (Orwell 204). By altering and distorting the past, the Inner Party deceives people into ignorant obedience and...

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