This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Manipulation Of Desires In The Iliad.

835 words - 3 pages

In Book IX of The Iliad by Homer, Agamemnon gives gifts to Achilles to get help. Therefore, Agamemnon tries to bribe Achilles into following his agenda. By giving specific gifts to fulfill personal desires, apparent weaknesses are opened up in an attempt to manipulate them. The first desire, sex, targets instinct and is represented by the gifts of women; the second desire, pride/honor, targets ego and is represented by political power and control over cities; the third desire, wealth, targets motivation and is represented by gold and money. All these desires can be manipulated in order to attempt to gain a certain goal.A deeply rooted desire in our instinct is sex, represented by the women Agamemnon gives to Achilles. Women, to the Greeks, were of great importance; Therefore, Ajax tries to convince Achilles to join the king's cause by mocking him when he rejects the gifts of women, in essence trying to get at his pride, "And for one girl, of whose fair sex we come to offer sev'n/The most exempt for excellence, and many a better prize" (Book IX, Line 603-604) However, Achilles does have a weakness for women and he does desire them, since he is upset Brisis was taken from him, "As much as they, as I myself lov'd Brisis as my life/Although my captive, and had will to take her for my wife" (Book IX, Line 330-331) Therefore, because Agamemnon sees Achilles' desire for women, he tries to offer him many women in order to manipulate his weaknesses and get him to join forces with him once again; the gifts are seven dames from Lesbos who were "Renown'd for skill in housewifery, and bear the sovereign flames/For beauty, from their general sex; which at thy overthrow" (Book IX, Line 265-266), twenty 'beauteous' Trojan dames, and his daughter's hand in marriage. The qualities these women posses are everything that was needed from a woman in that era and would be all a man would want, "their most important tasks, aside from having children, were running the household do all the housework themselves." (Fisher/Harlan) Agamemnon tries to manipulate Achilles powerlessness over his own yearning for women.Man can also be manipulated through his ego by using pride and honor, and Agamemnon shows this by offering Achilles cities in which he can control people, political power, and glory on the battle field. This desire used to be a driving force behind Achilles' actions in Book I since he enjoys the pride and honor war brought to him. Now, in Book IX, Ulysses tries to use Achilles' weakness of honor...

Find Another Essay On Manipulation of desires in The Iliad.

The Role of Women in Homer’s Iliad

796 words - 3 pages The Role of Women in Homer’s Iliad Homer’s Iliad is undoubtedly focused on its male characters: Achilles, primarily, but also Hector and Agamemnon. Nevertheless, it seems that the most crucial characters in the epic are female. Homer uses the characters of Thetis, Andromache, and Helen as a basis for comparison to the male characters. Homer wants his audience to see and understand the folly of his male characters in choosing war over peace

The Pursuit of Honor in Homer’s Iliad

1883 words - 8 pages The Pursuit of Honor in Homer’s Iliad Throughout history, people have pondered the question of human mortality. In examining the issue, the Ancient Greeks, came to the conclusion that there are two spheres of immortality: that which is reserved for the Gods and that which can be attained by mere mortals. The Gods are destined to eternal youth and life; however, for humans who are predestined to die, this existence is impossible to attain

The Lack of Credibility in Homer's Iliad

1405 words - 6 pages fact that it was an oral story long before it was written in the form it is today, is the cause of oversight of the narrative qualities of Homer's Iliad by many critics. The narration of the story has, however, been noted as a classic example of in medias res. "The term is derived from Horace, literally meaning `in the midst of things'. It is applied to the literary technique of opening a story in the middle of the action and then applying

Glory in the Iliad

929 words - 4 pages the Iliad this way, based on it’s many vivid battle descriptions and apparent lack of remorse for the deaths that occur. This, however, is not how war is presented in the Iliad. Homer presents a very practical outlook on war countering the attainment of the glory with the reality of its price and the destruction it causes. He successfully does this by showing the value of the lives of each person that dies and, in a sense, mourning their

Hospitality in the Iliad

1330 words - 6 pages Hospitality in the Iliad gives us an insight in ancient greece and was a major characteristic of their culture. In the Iliad there are many instances of the applications of hospitality in the lives of the people back then. We use the Iliad as a tool to look into their culture because this would have been passed down orally for generations as some of the only literature they had. SO their worldviews and values would be apparent in these precious

Women in the Iliad

1122 words - 5 pages The role of women in the Iliad is a subject that remains open to debate. The Iliad is set during and tells the events of the Trojan War. For the war men belonged to the battlefield as warriors. Women on the other hand were not involved in the activities of war in anyway. While men were bravely at war, women were to stay home for years without seeing their loved ones. Homer portrayed female characters having no substance and were nothing more

Heroes in the Iliad

1124 words - 4 pages hero. His dedication and strict belief in the code of honor is illustrated many times throughout the course of The Iliad. An example of this is presented in book three of the poem, where Hektor reprimands Paris for refusing to fight. He says to Paris, "Surely now the flowing-haired Achains laugh at us, thinking you are our bravest champion, only because your looks are handsome, but there is no strength in your heart, or courage" (3:43

HEROISM IN THE ILIAD

1122 words - 4 pages be done. His hamartia is when he killed Patroclus, which in turn led to his peripetria because Hector was doing fine until he killed Achilles’ best friend. Lastly, he is a tragic hero because of his recognition of what he has done, and what it will lead to, or his agnorisis. An additional reason Hector is a hero of the Iliad is because of his bravery. He knows that fate decided that he will fall at the hands of Achilles especially since Hector

Fate In The Iliad

719 words - 3 pages According to Homer, fate is the supreme ruler in the lives of humanity. No matter how talented or determined you may be, in the end it is fate, which directs the happenings in a person's life. Throughout his books the Iliad and the Odyssey, Homer emphasizes the effect of fate on the lives of mankind. Homer especially illustrates this view of fate's control in the character of Hektor in the Iliad. Hektor was a religious man, faithful to

Grief in The Iliad

651 words - 3 pages Grief in The Iliad There are many lessons that can be learned from reading Homer's The Iliad. One of which is understanding the stages of grief. One can literally watch Achilles go through all five stages when he morns the death of his comrade Patroclus. Achilles moves through Denial and Isolation, Depression, Anger, Bargaining and Acceptance in the short time after his close friends death. "Sheltered under his curving, beaked ships he

Women In The Iliad

1630 words - 7 pages The famous epic poem the Iliad, written by Homer, is based on the Trojan War and mythology. The gods in this novel are very significant. They control what happens to the mortals and the results of conflicts. Achilles, the main character, is thought to be the greatest fighter of all, and as quick as a lion on an antelope. He is the great one who eradicates Hector out of shear vengeance. Throughout the tale, many battles are fought and many

Similar Essays

Roles Of Gods In The Iliad

1130 words - 5 pages “Nine days the arrows of god swept through the army.” (Homer, The Iliad, 1.61) The Iliad written by Homer portrayed the war between the Achaeans and the Trojans. In addition to the mortals fighting each other gods also intervened in the war between the two sides, the gods in The Iliad played very significant roles in the battles; they brought divine powers on to the mortal sides of the war, Greek gods embody many human characteristics, there

The Conception Of Hero In Iliad

2153 words - 9 pages Joyce LanIntroduction to Western Lit., Friday 789Oral PaperJan, 4 2013The Conception of Hero in IliadGenerally, we regard Homer's epic as stories about hero, these heroes maybe have wisdom, chivalry, strong sense of manliness or meritorious military service. In Iliad, the sentence "hero" is used frequently in the text like character's dialogue and the narrator's words. However, the background of Iliad is in at least past two thousand years ago

The Conception Of Hero In Iliad

2153 words - 9 pages Joyce LanIntroduction to Western Lit., Friday 789Oral PaperJan, 4 2013The Conception of Hero in IliadGenerally, we regard Homer's epic as stories about hero, these heroes maybe have wisdom, chivalry, strong sense of manliness or meritorious military service. In Iliad, the sentence "hero" is used frequently in the text like character's dialogue and the narrator's words. However, the background of Iliad is in at least past two thousand years ago

Presence Of Gods In "The Iliad"

704 words - 3 pages In the novel “The Iliad” as well as many other literatures of Greek mythology all include the presence of gods. It was once said that mythology and gods are the explanations and sciences of the historical times. The gods’ presence enhances the story of the Iliad because they act as explanations for some things that occur as well as acting as imagery for the events that take place. There are many examples in this Homeric novel